Following is the text of the Statement by Mr Subhash Chandra Garg, Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Govt. of India and Alternate Governor of the World Bank and the IMF, representing the Constituency of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India & Sri Lanka at the 97th Meeting of the Development Committee, World Bank in Washington DC, USA yesterday, 21st April, 2018:

 

1. “Global economic recovery and growth in the last year has been reasonably reassuring. Supported by macroeconomic policy accommodations, trade is now growing faster than global GDP.Global investment rate has also risen. Emerging marketand frontier countries’ growth is poised to be quite widespread in 2018 with improved performance also in the United States, Canada and Europe.

2. The member countries in our constituency continue to grow; spurred by active efforts of the governments to promote investment and undertake structural reforms for private sector growth and integration with the world economy. The regional growth momentum is backed by robust domestic demand, strong FDI inflows, infrastructure spending, and supportive macroeconomic policies. India is poised to remain as the fastest growing large economy in the world. In 2018, we expect India to grow at over 7.4%, Bangladesh at 7.2%, Sri Lanka at about 4.6 % and Bhutan at 7.5%.

3. Our constituency members continue to make notable progress and set an example for other EMDCs. ThusBangladesh has made significantprogress in reducing poverty. Over 20 million people have been lifted out of poverty in last two decades with poverty rate declining below 24%. It has also made rapid progress in human development. Its Infant Mortality Rate (34 per 1,000 live births) and Maternal Mortality Rate (176 per 100,000 live births) are much improved and better than the global averages. Bangladesh's progress towards LMIC category and its eventual transition to 'gap' and 'blend' status under World Bank group are testimony of the massive developmental efforts of the Government.

4. Sri Lanka shines through its momentous progress in human development with its social indicators ranking among the highest in South Asia. The Government launched its Vision 2025 recently which envisions Sri Lanka as a hub of Indian Ocean by transforming it into a knowledge based, highly competitive social market economy. With the Government’s strong focus on fiscal reforms, physical infrastructure, industrial competitiveness and sound financial management, Sri Lankan economy is expected to achieve GDP growth exceeding4.5% in the medium-term.

5. Bhutan has been successful in ensuring inclusive growth with extreme poverty being almost eradicated. Bhutan has also maintained solid growth through focus on hydropower construction and supportive fiscal and monetary policies. Its macroeconomic stability isevident in terms of single-digit inflation, stable exchange rate, and strong international reserves. Bhutan remains one of fastest growing global economies with annual average growth in last decade reaching 7.5%.

6. India continues to be a beacon of growth in the region. Inthe last few years, India has undertaken massive structuralreforms towards formalization of the economy and fostering digital financial inclusion. The country has grown at an average of 7.2% per annum in the last four years and is continuing on the trajectory of sustained growth. India's GDP is expected to reach a volume of $5 trillion by FY2025 by leveraging on digitization, globalization, favorable demographics, and structural reforms. Transformational reforms such as Goods and Services Tax (GST), and initiatives such as Insolvency and Bankruptcy code, recapitalization of banks, and debottlenecking infrastructure investments, will support such elevated growth.

7. India has accorded great priority to addressing its infrastructure deficit to sustain economicgrowth. Steps have been taken to mobilize funds from various sources for development of infrastructure which inter-alia includes launching of innovative financial vehicles such as Infrastructure Debt Funds, Infrastructure Investment Trusts, Real Estate Investment Trusts, laying down a framework for issuance of municipal bonds, relaxation in External Commercial Borrowing (ECB) norms, mainstreaming of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) across infrastructure sectors, establishment of National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) and monetization of brownfield projects through Toll-Operate-Transfer(TOT) model etc. India has begun undertaking a major programme of monetizing Brownfield Assets of Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs)as a separate asset class for infrastructure investments.

8. In the field of digitization, India has completed the ambitious task of connecting one hundred thousand gram panchayats through high speed optical fiber network under phase I of the BharatNet project. This has enabled broadband access to over 200 million rural Indians in about two hundred and fifty thousand villages. The Government also proposes to setup five hundred thousand wi-fi hotspots which will provide broadband access to fifty million rural citizens. Further, digitization has been extended to other areas. Around 470 Agricultural Produce Market Committees (APMCs)have been connected to the electronic-National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) network providing a unified national market for agricultural commodities.

9. One of the key features of India’s economic performance in recent years has been the speed and scale of implementation. Recent upgrade of the sovereign rating reflects India’s strength, speed and scale of these ongoing reforms. India rolled out the GST in July 2017, unifying 1.3 billion people into one market. Within a short span of eight months, the monthly earnings from GST have crossed the $12.7 billion mark. Number of dealers registered in GST increased by about 4 million in the fiscal year of rollout which is about 60% higher than unique assesses registered earlier in the VAT network in the country.

10. India’s massive leap in the Ease of Doing Business rankings from 142 in 2014 to 100 in 2017is testimony to India’s commitment to long-term reforms for an open and vibrant economy. This is also reflected in strong FDI inflows which have grown from $34.3 billion in 2012-13 to $60.1 billion in 2016-17.

11. In the arena of financial inclusion, the Jan-DhanYojana, launched in August, 2014, has rapidly expanded banking services for the hitherto deprived sections. Till date, over313 million bank accounts have been opened and savings of about $11.510 billion has been mobilized under the scheme. For providing access to financial facilities by small businesses, India rapidly rolled out the Mudra Yojana in April 2015 and has supported over 115 million small businesses by sanctioning loans of $77.66 billion so far.

12. India is pursuing a path of clean and climate responsible growth. It aims to achieve about 40 percent cumulative installed power capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance.

13. Further, in the social sector, India has initiated several ambitious programmes. India is committed towards ensuring affordable housing for all. For this purpose, Prime Minister AwasYojana has been launched in rural and urban areas of the country. Under this programme, 5.1 million houses each will be constructed in 2017-18 and in 2018-19 exclusively in rural areas. In urban areas, the assistance has been sanctioned to construct 3.7 million Houses. In the recent budget announcement, India has proposed to establish a dedicated Affordable Housing Fund (AHF) in National Housing Bank, funded from priority sector lending shortfall and fully serviced bonds authorized by the Government of India.

14. India has launched Prime Minister SaubhagyaYojana for providing electricity to all households of the country. Under sanitation, we have launched theSwachh Bharat Mission, under which more than 60 million toilets have been constructed. For healthcare, the Indian cabinet has recently approved the National Health Protection Mission, which aims to provide healthcare to more than 100 million families belonging to poor and vulnerablepopulation.India is also committed to double farmers’ income by 2022 as part of India’s firm resolve towards inclusive growth.

15. India’s commitment towards gender equality and education under ‘‘BetiBachaoBetiPadhao’’ is unflinching. SukanyaSamriddhi Account Scheme launched in January 2015 has been a great success. Until November, 2017 more than 12.6 million accounts have been opened across the country in the name of girl-child.

16. Further, India is committed to making education accessible for all. To realize this mission, it has been decided that by the year 2022, every block with more than 50% Scheduled Tribe (ST) population and at least 20,000 tribal persons, will have an Ekalavya Model Residential School, which will have special facilities for preserving local art and culture besides providing training in sports and skill development.

17. I now turn to developments in the World Bank Group.

18. Capital Package for IBRD and IFC: India has been at the forefront ofdesigning and completing the shareholding review of 2015 and also of building consensus for the voice reforms in the World Bank Group.Building on the work done and momentum built, we had collectively decided in the Annual Meetings 2017 that a well-considered proposal on capital increase for the World Bank Group be placed before the Governors in the Spring meeting 2018 for a decision. We are pleased to note that the Board of Directors has pursued this agenda assiduously and we have before us a capital review proposal for consideration.

19. The World Bank Group has been the global leader in efforts to eliminate poverty and to bring about shared prosperity and sustainable development. With a capital infusion of $19 billion by shareholders over the last 70 odd years, the World Bank Group has made investments of over $900 billion in attacking extreme poverty, building infrastructure, improving access and quality in delivery of basic services, combating climate change, and supporting poor countries in macro-economic crisis, natural disasters, pandemics, conflict and climate change. This ability to leverage funds on a global scale is largely dependent on the continued AAA rating enjoyed by the Bank supported by the Preferred Creditor Status accorded to the Bank by client countries. It is therefore, our responsibility to ensure that this institution is adequately resourced to carry on the developmental work with renewed vigor for achieving SDG 2030.

20. We support the proposed joint package of $13 billion paid in capital for IBRD and IFC. This 2X2 recapitalization package represents by & large a balanced and consensual approach to align interests of all stakeholders, with the institutional objectives.Ideally, we would have liked IBRD to stoptransfers from its incometo IDA and avoid any increasein loan pricing. The package arrived at after much deliberations, blends the additional Capital infusion with higher loan pricesand the increased administrative savings from improved budget efficiencies. Hence, we support this package in the spirit of consensus and conciliation for enabling the Bank group to implement its mission effectively.

21. We must, however, state thatas the financing deficit of developing nations has crossed $ 4 trillion per year, this package is still less ambitious, especially for IBRD. Since 2015 –16, we have argued for a minimum $40 billion of annual IBRD lending to effectively support the 2030 Agenda. The background paper for last Annual Meeting spelt out an ambition of $130 billion for the WBG. We are now looking at a further lowered ambition of only $100 billion (nominal terms). We feel that the entire objective of a capital increase exercise should have led to a much higher ambition.

22. The limited lending volume along with competing demands has made resource allocation among different sections of the developing world a critical element of the proposed package. While remaining strongly committed to Bank’s policy to remain engaged with all clients, we appreciate the gradual trend in resource allocation towards the poorer countries. However, the diluted ambition for IBRD limits the funds available for development financing and may have the possible undesirable result of underfinancing of poorer MICs, as assessed against the massive SDG funding requirement in these countries. Hence, we urge that the WBG’s focus on the agenda of poverty reduction, human capital formation and bridginginfrastructure gaps in lower MICs must be pursued vigorously. At the same time, we appreciate the specific challenges of inequality and economic vulnerability faced by many of the UMICs and suggest that the Bank group devise specific innovative products that can efficiently address these in a focused and cost-effective manner.

23. We have taken note of the elements introduced in the proposal for ensuring the sustainability of lending by the Bank. In our judgment, setting aside of capital for a buffer is not very efficient use of paid in capital.We need to explore better options for meeting the requirement of cyclical and systemic crisis lending.We should,therefore,ensure that such buffer is designed in such a way that lending volumes available to poorer countries are enhancedduring normal years. In the days to come, we expect that the design of the buffer will be prudently framed using all options including the three levers of budget efficiency, deferral of income transfers and loan pricing in a balanced manner.

24. The Bank has built a sizable equity from the retained earnings funded largely by the loan pricing income from borrower countries. The loan pricing of IBRD has been increased thrice in the last decade. As against $7.5 billion paid in capital from all share holder members, borrower countries will be bringing about $ 19 billion in loan price income to the Bank in the period 2018-30. The effectiveness of the Bank as a global leader in development agenda arises to a large part from its ability for cost effective financial intermediation.For funding development at low interest rates, leveraging its AAA rating is fundamental raison d'êtreof IBRD’s existence. We had opposed any general price increase as IBRD loans are already very costly. However, to increase lending capacity, we are agreeing to the increase in maturity premium.The provision of some relief to poorer countries through discount and temporary exemption to blends, small states, FCS countries and recent IDA graduates will ameliorate the harshness of another loan price increase in the IBRD.

25. The package may have missed the opportunityfor increasing the share of retained earnings for building the equity base of the Bank Group, since it does not eliminate the transfer of income from IBRD and IFC to IDA. While we recognize the absolute necessity and utility of IDA for financing development in poor countries, we must note that IDA now has built massive equity base of $ 160 billion and its Deployable Strategic Capital stands at 37%. In contrast, the policy ratios and AAA ratings of IBRD and IFC – which have supported IDA - are under real threat. While the transfers comprise a relatively small proportion of IDA funding, they constitute a significant erosion of income of IBRD and IFC. Hence, we have consistently advocated complete cessation of income transfers to IDA. We note with appreciationthe suspension of IDA transfers from IFC income, along with the attendant conditionality of IFC reaching the goal of 40% of its investments in IDA and FCS countries by FY 2030. We would like the Bank managementto explorealternatives to strengthen IDA and to cease dependence of IDA on income transfers from IBRD.

26. On the Compensation methodology review proposals contained in the Package, we welcome the proposed changes in Structure Adjustment component of salary increase which is now capped and aligned to inflation. This is a correct and transparent way to determine annual increase. But, we are still opposedto using savings from salary erosion due to Staff turnover for funding thenewly proposed merit element to replace earlier Salary Progressive Adjustment and Supplementary Merit Increase. We recognize such savings need to accrue to the organization.

27. We welcome World Bank Group’s commitment and accelerated action on the global agendas of Climate Change, Gender and Disaster Risk Management. We believe that climate change poses real threats to development and there is need for balanced mitigation and adaptation action globally, including by the Bank Group, in the spirit of Paris Agreement. We continue to support WBG’s Climate Change informed Development Agendawhich needs to be client driven. Under its Nationally Determined Contributions, India has ambitiously committed to reducing the emissions intensity of GDP by 33%-35% by 2030 relative to its 2005 levels. There is lot of visible action in terms of Renewable Energy generation and positive outcomes in energy efficiency. We are also committed to cooperationin harnessing solar energy and helping other developing countries through the International Solar Alliance..

28. We are fully supportive of the World Bank Group’s FY16-23 Gender Strategy. The Bank has significantly upped the quality, scope and depth of its analytical work on gender equality. Lower women participation in the labour force is a major challengebefore us. We are committed to work on overcoming attitudinal challenges relating to the status, role and empowerment of women in the society at all levels.

29. Progress Report of the Shareholding Review: We have taken note of the Progress Report on the Shareholding Review as part of the Lima Roadmap. In our view, increasing weight of the Developing and Transition Countries (DTC) in the ownership and management of these institutions is quite necessary. We support selective capital increase (SCI) to bring about voice reform to ensure higher representation to the under-represented and support the use of the dynamic formula which would guide us in rebalancing the voice in line with economic weight and IDA contributions.

30.We would have liked to see a stronger and bigger Bank with a larger SCI for IBRD, but have agreed to SCI of 250,000 shares in the spirit of cooperation. On the same lines, we had felt that the use of unallocated shares for adjustment for all under represented shareholders, would have been a fairer method.

31. We find that the Shareholding Report now before the Governors that will enable the increase of the vote share of DTCs in IBRDfrom 46.9% to 47.4%. We would like to underline that this increase has come entirely as a result of dynamic formula and shareholdingrules application and membersdid not have to apply additional level to supporthigher share of DTCs. We are quite confident that in next shareholding review, DTCs share would rise to 50%.

32. IFC has not had a meaningful capital increase since 1992. Even in the last Capital Package during 2010-12, IFC got only $0.2 billion paid in capital compared to $5.1 billion for IBRD. We support the proposal to strengthen IFC to give impetus to the development of private sector for achieving SDGs, building infrastructure and climate resilience. We therefore strongly support the proposal for paid-in capital of $ 4.6 billion by GCI, and $ 920 million by SCI, agreeing to the proposal to align IFC shareholding with that of IBRD as an expedient interim measure. For achieving a stronger IFC ambition, we will also support expeditious work on possible alternatives to callable capital, including risk sharing facility. Such facility will help IFC reach in IDA and FCS countries effectively and efficiently and also ensure financial sustainability of IFC.

33. Although IFC works on a largely commercial basis, with no sovereign guarantees to back its investments, several policy commitments have been proposed in the package relating to investment in IDA and FCS markets and in climate related financing. We hope that IFC will rise to the challenge of delivering on market creation and development impact through its investments within this commitment framework. In this context we would urge IBRD and MIGA to provide effective partnership to IFC in the form of policy support and guarantees support respectively. Working as a coordinated World Bank Group would unlock the value of investments in developing countries in a sustainable and transformative sense.

34. Progress Report on Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Management in WB operations: Natural disasters can impose significant economic losses and costs on the affected countries in terms of rehabilitation and reconstruction. Today, natural disasters cost cities approximately $250 billion and this is estimated to rise to $314 billion per year by 2030. In this regard, we appreciate the leadership role played by the World Bank Group in supporting investments in early warning systems to develop capacity for monitoring and forecasting. Mainstreaming of disaster risk management in World Bank Group operations, leading to incorporation of disaster and climate risks in country strategies and facilitating the creation of resilient infrastructure through innovative financing tools, is a welcome step. However, these measures should take into account borrower’s implementation capacity and not price out WB loans for some borrowers on account of their higher implementation costs.

35. India believes in a holistic approach to disaster risk management as detailed in the Prime Minister’s Ten-point Agenda for disaster risk reduction. We support greater emphasis on cross-country learning in this area, especially in hazard risk assessment, disaster resilient technologies and mechanism for integrating risk reduction in infrastructure financing.India hopes to work with WBG in establishing a coalition of countries for Disaster Risk Resilience which would also address Climate Change related disasters.

36. Update in the Forward Look: The global developmental vision, embodied in theForward Look, calls on the World Bank Group to serve all clients, maximize finance for development through private sector, lead on global issues, and improve its business model.We affirm support for the Forward Look Approach of serving all clients.The World Bank Group will need to stay engaged with all client groups, so as to fulfill the primary objective to end global extreme poverty by 2030. Of the 767 million people still in extreme poverty, over 50% are in LMICs, many of which are recent IDA graduates. We would like the World Bank to focus on the challenges and to clearly articulatethe measures for focusing on poverty alleviation and creation of shared prosperity in the LMICs.

37. We are supportive of thestrategic work being done by the World Bank Group for Maximizing Finance for Development. This would potentially restrict the diversion of public funding to sectors and projects that are amenable to private sector financing.While the management is implementing the Cascade Approachthrough IFC and MIGA, we believe that developmental financing operations of IBRD and IDAparticularly in sectors such as education, primary heath, sanitation, are not always amenable to commercial ventures, nor may such an option be desirable without appropriate and robust regulatory framework being put in place. Hence IBRD and IDA’s development operations for supporting human capital, inclusion, resilience and governance must be promoted and enhanced through sovereign financing, even as we make efforts mobilize private capital for the areas of development, offering more immediate returns on investment.

38. We support the ongoing efforts to focus on efficiency and productivity in the business model of the World Bank Group. We welcome measures in this direction, with respect toworkforce growth, corporate procurement, administrative simplification and real estate.The World Bank’s reach and responsiveness to clients in developing countries will have to be measured through improvements in process efficiency, strong knowledge focus, and proactive coordination. This will help us build synergies between the World Bank’s efforts and national initiatives.

39. Gender Diversity Update: It is now universally recognized that greatergender parity has enormous economic and developmental benefits. As the world’s largest democracy, India has constitutionally mandated political representation for women by reserving 33% of seats in local self-governments for them. SomeStates in India have increased thisreservation for women in the local bodies to 50% for stronger empowerment.

40. It is heartening to note that currently, gender diversity of the World Bank Group Board of Executive Directors is better than the average for the last ten years and is, in fact, thehighest for the positions of Senior Advisors and Advisors. We may also mention with pride that the first woman Executive Director was appointed recently for the Constituency of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Sri Lanka. We recognize that much needs to be done to reduce gender gap in every field and we support the Bank’s movement towards this end. We hope that the next steps proposed for enhancing gender diversity on the Board will form the basis of a shared and collective responsibility of shareholder members.

41. Way forward: We have developed the global multilateral compact over the years to deliver growth, shared prosperity and poverty reduction. The attempt to change the discourse and to focus on increased protectionism will only hurt the global economy and welfare of people. We need to renew our compact to prevent spiral down of slow economic growth, rising inequality and irreversible climate impact, conflict and fragility.

42. Without adequate capital and the cooperation and magnanimity of all shareholders, the World Bank Group runs the risk of becoming peripheral to the global challenges and development agenda.As a global cooperative, we must be committed to the inclusive prosperity of our future generations.Hence, I urge all Governors to commit to more ambitious proposals on the financial strengthening and policy commitments of the IBRD and IFC”.

 

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DSM/RM

 

 

Read more: Statement by Mr Subhash Chandra Garg,

The Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh has said that the Union Territory of Diu is on the way to soon emerge among the league of Smart Cities. Addressing a function after inaugurating and laying foundation of various development projects in Diu today, Shri Rajnath Singh said the tiny Union Territory was selected for the Smart Cities Project during the final phase of bidding and is today on the verge of realising this dream. A total of Rs. 1,400 crores would be spent under this project, of which Rs 701 crores would be the contribution of Government.

He said that some of the important projects to be undertaken under the scheme are:

  1. Construction of a continuous coastal promenade connecting Ghogla-Jalandhar-Chadrika Mata beach- upto Chakratirth beach
  2. Development of an all-inclusive Mobile App for the convenience of tourists for online room reservation, ticket booking, parking etc.
  3. Establishment of an Integrated Command and Control Centre for strengthening security and improving traffic management in Diu
  4. To develop Green Transport
  5. Setting up of Skill Incubation Centre for the fisher-folk
  6. Construction of an International Convention Centre and Multipurpose Facilities Centre
  7. Development of Naida Caves and public plaza near Diu Museum
  8. Sea plane service between Daman and Diu to improve connectivity.

Some other projects would be taken up under PPP mode and/or through other Government schemes under the Smart Cities programme.

Shri Rajnath Singh said that unprecedented development has taken place in Diu during the last four years. Fund allocation has jumped fifty percent in four years from 103 crores in 2013-14 to Rs 150 crores in 2017-18. He pointed out that the Central Government is responsible for the development of Union Territories and has completed several development projects during the last four years. Enumerating some of them, Shri Rajnath Singh highlighted establishment of solar power projects of combined capacity of 9 MW which made Diu a power surplus district. Further, there is a proposal to set up windmill power project. He announced that as part of developing a new education hub, three educational institutions, - Diu College, Polytechnic College and a Food Craft Institute - will begin academic sessions from 2018-19. He also expressed confidence that the construction of a four lane highway connecting Somnath and Diu will be completed soon, which will give a fillip to the tourism sector in the region.

He added that for the benefit of a large number of fishermen living in Diu, the length of jetties has been increased by 500 metres and a parking harbour of 175 metres in length and 85 metres wide was also built in Vanakbara village.

During the visit, Shri Rajnath Singh laid foundation for the following projects: -

  1. Construction of a pile jetty in Vanakbara village at a cost of Rs.3.77 crores.
  2. Building of an Annexe Circuit House at a cost of Rs. 20.60 crores
  3. Establishment of first phase of sewerage network, including a common sewage treatment plant, in Diu costing Rs.20.70 crores
  4. New school buildings at Kamleshwar, Zampa and Ghoghla.

He also inaugurated the 450 metres long Jogging Track in Ghoghla built at a cost of Rs.4.37 crores which was built using tensile roof structure and weatherproof materials.

Shri Rajnath Singh reiterated that the Government is committed to the development of poor and backward communities. He informed that a campaign has been launched coinciding with the Birth Anniversary of Dr. BR Ambedkar on 14th April that will run till 5th May during which officials of the Central Government will monitor progress of the various development projects being undertaken for the welfare of the marginalized communities.

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BB/NK/PK/KGS

Read more: Union Home Minister lays foundation for several...

Today in Stockholm, the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of Denmark Lars Løkke Rasmussen, the Prime Minister of Finland Juha Sipilä, the Prime Minister of Iceland Katrín Jakobsdóttir, the Prime Minister of Norway Erna Solberg and the Prime Minister of Sweden Stefan Löfven held a Summit hosted by the Swedish Prime Minister and the Indian Prime Minister.

During the Summit, the Prime Ministers pledged to deepen cooperation between the Nordic countries and India, and focused their discussions on key issues related to global security, economic growth, innovation and climate change. The Prime Ministers reaffirmed the importance of free trade as a catalyst for achieving inclusive growth and realising the Sustainable Development Goals.

The Prime Ministers acknowledged that innovation and digital transformation drive growth in an interconnected world, and underpin a growing engagement between the Nordic countries and India. The role of the Nordic countries as global innovation leaders was underlined. The Nordic approach to innovation systems, characterised by a strong collaboration between public sector, private sector and academia, was discussed, and synergies were identified with India’s rich pool of talent and skills.

The Summit emphasised the Indian Government’s strong commitment to innovation and digital initiatives as key to prosperity and sustainable development, with national flagship programmes such as Make in India, Startup India, Digital India and Clean India. Nordic solutions in clean technologies, maritime solutions, port modernisation, food processing, health, life-sciences and agriculture were mentioned. The Summit welcomed the Nordic Sustainable Cities Project aimed at supporting the Smart Cities Program of the Government of India.

The Prime Ministers noted that the unique strengths of India and the Nordic countries offer immense opportunities for trade and investment diversification and mutually beneficial collaboration. During the talks, the importance of the rules-based multilateral trading system as well as open and inclusive international trade for prosperity and growth was underlined.The Ease of Doing Business practices were emphasised as a priority for both the Nordic countries and India.

The Prime Ministers acknowledged that terrorism and violent extremism are major challenges for the international community. They discussed global security, including cyber security, based on their shared values of human rights, democracy and the rule of law, and their commitment to uphold the rules-based international system. They also discussed export control and non-proliferation. The Nordic countries welcomed India’s application for membership of the Nuclear Suppliers’ Group and reaffirmed their commitment to work constructively within the Group with the aim of reaching a positive outcome at the earliest opportunity.

The Prime Ministers reaffirmed their support for the United Nations and the Secretary-General’s reform efforts to ensure a UN fit to support Member States to deliver on Agenda 2030 and took note ofhis proposals to strengthen the UN, including in the areas of development, peace operations, peacebuilding and conflict prevention. The Nordic countries and India reaffirmed the need for reform of the UNSecurity Council, including its expansion in both permanent and non-permanent seats to make it more representative, accountable, effective and responsive to the realities of the 21st century. The Nordic countries agree that India is a strong candidate for a permanent seat in a reformed Security Council expanded with both permanent and non-permanent members.

The Prime Ministers reaffirmed their full commitment to implementing the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development as well as the ambitious implementation of the Paris Agreement. They agreed to continue efforts to develop cleaner energy systems, renewable energy and fuels, increased energy efficiency and technologies for cleaner energy production. The Prime Ministers noted that women’s full and meaningful participation in political, social and economic life is key to inclusive development and agreed to promote the empowerment of women.

The Prime Ministers agreed that a strong partnership can help spur innovations, economic growth, sustainable solutions and mutually beneficial trade and investments. The Summit emphasized the importance of strong people-to-people contacts through education, culture, labour mobility and tourism – all areas where the Nordic countries and India see a continuous increase in both interests and numbers.

Read more: Joint Press Statement from the Summit between...

The Major Ports at Paradip, Ennore and Tuticorinto Pioneer recycling & Desalination of sea water 

Desalination Plant will meet potable water needs of ports and neighboring community: Shri Nitin Gadkari

Paradip Port, Kamarajar Port & VO Chidambarnar Portunder the Ministry of Shipping are all set to pioneer water recycling and desalination of sea water in the port premises. The Union Minister for Shipping, Road Transport & Highways, Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Nitin Gadkari, chaired a meeting of port chairmen recently to discuss desalination technologies and their application at major ports, and directed that desalination plants should be installed with immediate effect. The initiative would benefit areas near the ports like Thoothukudi near Tuticorin, where a 13 million litreper day plant will be able to serve 20% of Tuticorin city’s requirement after port utilization. It will also help serve the water needs of  the entire Chennai Port and 1% of the city’s requirement at lower costs. This initiative is in line with the Ministry’s agenda to promote water conservation and reuse of water.

During the meeting the idea was mooted  for use of new technology based containerized RO (Reverse Osmosis) based plants which can reduce the cost of producing desalinated water and would be cheaper than current water procurement cost at certain ports. Shri Gadkari directed all ports to install desalination plants immediately.

While addressing the meeting Shri Gadkari said that the desalination plant at portsshould be used for meeting the potable water needs of ports as well as the neighboring community. Shri Gadkari also said that efforts should be made to extract methane, carbon dioxide and bio-CNG from water. He has also directed port chairmen to explore feasibility about using treated sewage water for cleaning rail coaches at different railway stations, and nearby power plants.

The issue of power cost contribution to overall desalination cost was analyzed. Shri gadkarisuggested that  cheaper power sourcing options like renewable energy through windmills and solar farms should be explored. This willhelp bring down the cost of producing desalinated water by about 20%.Desalination benefit may vary from port to port depending on municipal water purchase price and energy tariffs.

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NP/MS/MS

 

Read more: The Major Ports at Paradip, Ennore and...

The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has said that education should not only prepare our youth to face challenges of a technologically-driven knowledge society, but also make them analyze critically and come out with innovative solutions to the problems faced by people. He was addressing the gathering after inaugurating the IILM University Gurugram Campus from IILM Lodhi Road Campus, here today.

The Vice President said that students should be confident of dreaming big and exploring uncharted territories and remain rooted to our culture, traditions, customs and history. He further said that they should never neglect their parents, mother tongue, motherland and native village. They should always believe in co-existing harmoniously with nature for a better future, he added.

 

The Vice President expressed concern over the global ranking of Indian Universities and said that there are more than 800 universities in the country and none of them figures in the top ranked global institutes.

The Vice President said that merely expanding infrastructure with sleek-looking buildings will not make an institution excellent unless it imparts education of highest standards without compromising on quality. Liberal and interdisciplinary education is must to get a holistic perspective of the increasingly knowledge-centric and interdependent world, he added.

Vice President said that education in silos will not equip students for future. Liberal education with focus on technology, skill development and entrepreneurship will serve well the students, industry and the society, he added.

Following is the text of Vice President’s address:

“I am extremely delighted to inaugurate IILM University. My best wishes to everyone associated with this institution.

I am also glad to know that the university’s mission is in sync with the vision of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to create a New India on the basis of inclusive economic development through education and skill development among students.

I am sure that IILM University is going to make an important contribution in realizing the dream of an educated and skilled India.

However, it should be remembered that the education of an individual does not end by merely acquiring degrees or employable skills. Education is meant to develop a holistic personality with qualities of head and heart. As Swami Vivekananda had said “Education is the manifestation of the perfection already in man”.

Education should not only prepare our youth to face   challenges of a technologically-driven knowledge society, but also make them analyze critically and come out with innovative solutions to the problems faced by people. They should be confident of dreaming big and exploring uncharted territories.

At the same time, students should remain rooted to our culture, traditions, customs and history. They should never neglect their parents, mother tongue, motherland and native village. They should always believe in co-existing harmoniously with nature for a better future.

There is a need to revamp and reorient the higher education system in the country to equip students with the demands of knowledge-driven world. While, there are more than 800 universities in the country, it is a matter of concern that none of them figures in the top ranked global institutes. Merely expanding infrastructure with sleek-looking buildings will not make an institution excellent unless it imparts education of highest standards without compromising on quality.

Our universities should move in that direction by making necessary changes in the methods of pedagogy.

I am glad to learn that the Vision of this University is to be Global, Inclusive and Responsible. Indian civilization has always considered the world as its family (Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam). Our commitment to the cause of climate change, solar energy and conserving nature, will hopefully, get reflected in educating students and making them globally responsible citizens. Mahatma Gandhi was foremost proponent of this philosophy of being responsible. His seven sins -Wealth without Work, Pleasure without Conscience, Knowledge without Character, Commerce without Morality, Science without Humanity, Religion without Sacrifice and Politics without Principle – are a guiding principle for shaping the ethical ethos of individuals, society, country and the world.

I hope the university will try to inculcate such values.  The university has to be inclusive given India’s diversity and inequality. While diversity is our strength, the huge inequality poses lots of challenges. Focus on entrepreneurship, technology and skill development will help develop an inclusive, just and equal society.

Today’s world is becoming increasingly knowledge-centric and interdependent. To get a holistic perspective liberal and interdisciplinary education is must. I am glad to know that University intends to pursue this objective with vigor. Education in silos will not equip students for future. Liberal education with focus on technology, skill development and entrepreneurship will serve well the students, industry and the society.

Information technology coupled with various scientific advances is changing our lives like never before. Therefore, the focus should be on futuristic technologies and students need to be prepared for jobs which do not exist. I am happy to know that students doing a major in fashion or design or economics can also study Artificial Intelligence or robotics at IILM University. We need more and more such multi-disciplinary and multi-skilled youngsters to meet future challenges.

I am happy that you already started an Incubation Center. Entrepreneurship is the need of the hour. Students must be motivated to start their own businesses and not depend on jobs alone. India is a land of entrepreneurs and given the right opportunity our youngsters can excel and create global businesses. With about 65 percent of our population aged below 35 years, we need to take full advantage of this demographic dividend in building a prosperous and inclusive New India and educational institutions like IILM have a pivotal role to play in achieving that goal.

I am pleased to note that IILM has been part of the United Nations Principles for Responsible Management Education initiative since its inception in 2008. The University’s focus on the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals (a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity), and working closely with the UN Global Compact India will allow it to be a responsible provider of higher education

Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, India’s first Vice President, famously said “The true teachers are those who help us think for ourselves”. I hope the university will have such teachers and researchers and it will also create such future teachers which we need in vast numbers.

I wish the university well and may it rise to greater heights in achieving academic excellence.

JAI HIND!

***

AKT/BK/RK

Read more: Education should encourage critical thinking and...

 

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today addressed the Indian Community in Stockholm. He thanked the Government of Sweden, in particular His Majesty the King of Sweden; and the Prime Minister of Sweden, Mr. Stefan Lofven who was present at the event, for the warm welcome he received in Sweden.

He said that India is going through a great transformation today. He said that the current Union Government had been elected on the mandate of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas. He said the Government has worked towards a developed and inclusive India, in the last four years. He said all efforts are being made to create a New India by 2022.

The Prime Minister said that through initiatives  such as International Yoga Day, efforts are also being made to see that India emerges as a global thought leader once again. He said the world is looking at India with confidence. In this context, he mentioned humanitarian relief and rescue efforts, the International Solar Alliance, and membership of key regimes such as MTCR, Wassenaar Arrangement, and Australia Group. He said the world is acknowledging India's technological capability, including its space programme.

The Prime Minister said that because of digital infrastructure, the format of engagement between citizens and Government is changing. Technology is bringing about accountability and transparency, he said. He said access to Government is no longer a privilege, but a practice. In this context, he mentioned faster file disposal, Ease of Doing Business, GST, Direct Benefit Transfer, and access to cooking gas through the Ujjwala Yojana. 

The Prime Minister said that through the MUDRA scheme, there are new opportunities available to entrepreneurs. He said 74 percent of the beneficiaries under the MUDRA scheme till now, are women. He also mentioned the Atal Innovation Mission, Skill India and Start Up India.

The Prime Minister said that India is also building International Partnerships to boost innovation. In this context he mentioned the innovation partnership with Sweden, and a similar initiative with Israel. He said the Government is focusing on Ease of Living. In this context, he also mentioned the Ayushman Bharat scheme, which he described as the world's biggest healthcare assurance scheme.

The Prime Minister said that these steps are indicative of a transformation in India. He said that towards this end, the partnerships with Sweden and the other Nordic countries are very important.

The Prime Minister urged the gathering to not limit their connect with India, to just an emotional one. He said the emerging New India offers them many opportunities to innovate, trade and invest as well.

***

 

AKT/HS

Read more: PM addresses Indian Community in Stockholm

Hon’ble Minister of Communications Shri Manoj Sinha today launched here the DARPAN-PLI App, which will help in collection of premium for PLI and RPLI policies at Branch Post Offices anywhere in India, with online updation of the policies. Further, with launch of this App, indexing of maturity claims in respect of PLI and RPLI polices can be done at Branch Post Office itself, upon which the insurant will immediately be provided with the request number for further references. Shri Sinha said that these two initiatives will help Department of Posts in providing better after-sales service to customers of PLI and RPLI, particularly those living in rural areas of the country.

Shri Sinha said, with a view to achieve total digitisation of postal operations in the country, under the IT Modernisation Plan, Department of Posts has launched DIGITAL ADVANCEMENT OF RURAL POST OFFICE FOR A NEW INDIA (DARPAN) Project, which aims at connecting all 1.29 lakh Rural Branch Post Offices in the country to enable them to do online Postal and Financial Transactions. Hand held devices with SIM connectivity and solar power backup are being installed in all Branch Post Offices in the Country. The total Project cost is more than Rs.1300 crores. 61,941 Branch Post Offices have been rolled out under DARPAN Project as on 11th April 2018.

The Hand-held devices installed under DARPAN Project will ensure improvement in the quality of Postal services being offered in remote rural areas. Customers in these areas can now avail the facility of online Core Banking, booking of Registered and Speed Post articles, booking of Money Orders, deposit of Postal Life Insurance / Rural Postal Life Insurance premium and indexing of PLI / RPLI maturity claims through hand-held devices being used at branch post offices.

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SNC

Read more: DARPAN-PLI App was launched by Shri Manoj Sinha

The Ministry of Finance, Government of India in collaboration with the Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), Gujarat Council along with Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), an autonomous research organization under the Ministry of External Affairs organised the 2-day Regional Conference on “Urban Development: Technological Solutions and Governance Challenges” which began in Ahmedabad today. The Conference is a lead-up event to the 3rd Annual Meeting of AIIB scheduled to be held on 25th and 26th June, 2018 in Mumbai.

 

Speaking on the occasion, Dr Kumar V. Pratap, Joint Secretary (Infrastructure, Policy & Finance), Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry of Finance, Government of India said that one third of the Indian population, which lives in urban areas, contributes more than half to the GDP and therefore, urban dwellers are among the most productive segments of the population. He emphasized that augmenting urban infrastructure will cost a lot of money. However, Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) own revenues as a percent of GDP is very low below 1%. According to the Economic Survey 2016-17 of the Ministry of Finance estimates that currently Bengaluru and Jaipur are collecting not more than 5 to 20% of their property tax potential. This implies that cities could increase their resources 5 to 20 fold from property taxes only. He also gave details about the catalytic missions such as Smarty City Mission, AMRUT and the Swachh Bharat Mission of the Central Ministries. 

 

Mr. Mukesh Puri, Principal Secretary, Department of Urban development and Urban Housing, Government of Gujarat spoke about the Governance Challenges and how the administration is planning to overcome those challenges. He said that around 70% of GDP of Gujarat, the tax is coming from the urban areas and there are still many such areas which needs to come under the Corporation for collection of tax for infrastructure development. He spoke about the Government & Corporation Plan of deputing Regional Municipal Commissioners in various areas for unlocking the assets and covering the untapped potential of the local bodies in the State. He also spoke about the town planning schemes of Gujarat and the spending of AUDA for infrastructural development. He said that AUDA has a capital of 1000 crores for 2018-19 out of which 250 crores has been spent on infrastructural development.   

 

 Dr. Ke Fang, Manager (Investment Operations), Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)spoke about their role in infrastructural development and their major areas of investment for sustainable infrastructure are renewable energy in sustainable cities, cross border connectivity, regional connectivity such as express way. He emphasized on project financing and educated the audience about the aspiring 6 projects which is about USD 1.2 billion. He informed about a multilateral development bank mission to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia and beyond.

 

The event was attended by eminent experts, policy practitioners, officials from central government, industry leaders, bilateral partners and representatives of the Multilateral Development Banks including AIIB to deliberate on the pertinent issues relating to financing, institutional and regulatory environment, technological options for sustainable future, financial sustainability and other relevant aspects 

 

Ms. Bhagyesh Soneji, Chairperson ASSOCHAM Western Council, highlighted on the missing part and challenges faced in the infrastructure development of the State. She spoke about the DMIC project in Gujarat. She said that nearly 62% of the population has fallen under the DMIC project. She emphasized on the supplies as major rural population has migrated to the urban cities and the challenging part today is to manage supplies. She said that need of an hour today is to build infrastructure to manage the migrated population to the big cities and also for rural-urban infrastructure management.  She thanked all the participants and dignitaries for sparing their time and attending the very important conference. 

 

Professor Amitabh Kundu, Distinguished Fellow, RIS, and Chair of the Inaugural Session of the Conference welcomed all the dignitaries and highlighted the work and research carried-out by the dignitaries present on the dais for sustainable smart urban infrastructural development of the nation and the challenges & way forward. 

 

Mr. Kenichi Yokoyama, Country Director, Indian Resident Mission, Asian Development Bank, while welcoming all the delegates to the conference addressed the challenges and opportunities faced during their working in India and at state level. He highlighted on the various projects being undertaken by ADB in the country as well as state. He stated in his presentation about the recent economic survey in India that nearly $ 180 bn investment is being projected upto the year 2040. He said that urban infrastructure is growing rapidly and their bank in India has invested around USD 39.4 bn from (1986-2016). In his presentation he also highlighted about the various projects being undertaken in India with ADB viz India-East Coast Economic Corridor. 

 

Prof O. P. Mathur, Senior Fellow and Head, Urban Studies at the Institute of Social Sciences, New Delhi thanked all the stakeholders for their active participation. He highlighted on the challenging part of urban infrastructural development. He said that the major challenges faced are; of private finance, as there is no substitute of private finance to public finance, the second issued is of budgetary provision which is very low and not proportionate. He said that there are no clear fiscal space for urban infrastructure development and also there are many untapped opportunities which needs to be tapped for accelerating GDP growth to 9-10%.  

 

Mr. Bharat Patel, Co-Chairman, ASSOCHAM Western Council spoke on the overall perspective of urbanization ratio of 32%, which is still low. He said that total investments of at least $640.2 billion are needed for urban infrastructure and services until 2031 to meet the needs of the growing urban population and improve the standard of living of the existing urban population. To bridge this gap it has been emphasised that the private sector who is not only the primary user of the economic infrastructure but is the key stakeholder in implementation, designing, operations etc. It is equally pivotal to ensure private sector participation in resource generation through effective mechanisms of costs, risks and benefit sharing.

 

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DSM/RM/KA

Read more: Two day Regional Conference on “Urban...

 

At the invitation of Prime Minister Löfven, Prime Minister Modi paid an official visit to Stockholm on 16-17 April 2018.

Prime Minister Modi and Prime Minister Löfven met on 17 April and recalled their Joint Statement issued in Mumbai in 2016, welcomed progress so far on its implementation and reconfirmed their commitment to the Joint Statement as the overall political framework for cooperation. 

India and Sweden share values of democracy, rule of law, respect of human rights, pluralism and a rule-based international order. Both Prime Ministers reiterated their commitment to dialogue and cooperation on key international issues of mutual concern, including climate change, Agenda 2030, international peace and security, human rights, gender equality, humanitarian issues, international trade.The Prime Ministers underlined the urgency to step up global efforts to combat climate change, and emphasized their common continued commitment to the Paris Agreement. Both sides agreed to continue security policy dialogue at the level of National Security Advisors, in line with the Joint Statement.

Both Prime Ministers agreed to close cooperation in the UN, and other multilateral fora. Theytook note of the UN Secretary-General’s reform efforts to ensure a UN fit to support Member States to deliver on Agenda 2030. They alsoreaffirmed the need for reform of the UN Security Council, including its expansion, to make it more representative, accountable, effective, and responsive to the realities of the 21st century. Prime Minister Modi thanked Prime Minister Löfven for Sweden’s support to India’s candidature for non-permanent membership of United Nations Security Council (2021-22) and for Sweden’s support to India’s permanent membership of a reformed and expanded United Nations Security Council.

Both Prime Ministers expressed their commitment to support and strengthen global export control, non-proliferation and disarmament objectives and looked forward to close cooperation in these areas. Prime Minister Löfven welcomed India’s recent accession to the international export control regimes, including to Australia Group (AG), Wassenaar Arrangement (WA),Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR),and The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC), and expressed support for India’s membership of the Nuclear Supplier Group (NSG). 

Both Prime Ministers called for greater unity and stronger international partnership to counter terrorism, disrupt terrorist networks and financing, and to prevent violent extremism. They emphasized that the global counter terrorism legal framework should be regularly updated to address the changing threat of terrorism with strength, and underscored that any measures taken to counter terrorism comply with international law. In this regard both countries called for an early finalisation of the draft Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT).

To further promote bilateral cooperation, they decided on the following India-Sweden Joint Action Plan, under which India and Sweden, through relevant ministries, agencies and actors, aim to:

Innovation

  • Initiate a multi-stake holder Innovation Partnership for a Sustainable Future, underpinning our mutual commitment todrive prosperity and growth and address societal challenges such as climate change and sustainable development through innovation.
  • Carry out dialogue and cooperative activities in the field of intellectual property rights under the MoU signed between the Swedish Patent Registration Office and the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion of India.

Trade and investment
 

  • Encourage trade and facilitate investment in both directions, such as Sweden’s investment in India through ‘Invest India’ and Indian investment in Sweden through ‘Business Sweden’. -
  • Encourage the work of the India-Sweden Business Leaders Round Table (ISBLRT) to further strengthen India-Sweden business cooperation within inter alia smart cities, digitization, skills development and defence, and to move its relations, ideas, partnerships and recommendations forward.

Smart Cities and Next Generation Transport 
 

  • Exchange knowledge and explore cooperation on smart cities, including transit-oriented urban development, air pollution control, waste management, waste-to-energy, waste-water treatment, district cooling and circular economy, including through dialogue and capacity building. -
  • Exchange know-how and explore cooperation in the areas of electro-mobility as well as renewable fuels.
  • Exchange know-how and explore cooperation in the area of railways, such asrailway policy development, safety, training and operation and maintenance of railways.

Smart, sustainable and renewable energy
 

  • Engage and seek mutual collaboration on the demonstration and development of smart grid technologies such as smart metering, demand response, power quality management, distribution automation, electric vehicle/charging infrastructure as well as renewable integration, through research, capacity building,policy cooperation and learning on market design prerequisites including business models.
  • Expand research, innovation and business cooperation on new innovative energy technologies through the India-Sweden Innovations’ Accelerator, focusing on technologies to utilise renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Women’s skills development and empowerment
 

  • Encourage joint efforts towards women’s empowerment by skilling employment and entrepreneurship opportunities for womenthrough projects such as "Kraftsamla”- a project undertaken by Swedish and Indian actors in Pune, Maharashtra which provides skills training for women in jobs suitable for industry such as forklift drivers, warehouse managers, assembly operators and more.

Defence 
 

  • Explore the finalization of a bilateral agreement on exchange and mutual protection of classified information for cooperation in the defence area.
  • Enhance Indo-Swedish dialogue on defence cooperation. Proceed with India-Sweden defence seminars in India and Sweden in 2018-19 and explore, together with the ISBLRT, opportunities for investment in Defence Production Corridors in India
  • Encourage industry partners to develop supply chains for small and medium sized enterprises (SME) with major Defence & Aerospace Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs)

Space and science 
 

  • Acknowledge the importance of bilateral cooperation on space research, technology, innovation and applications. Encourage the space agencies and other space entities to enhance space cooperation under the Memorandum of Understanding, particularly in Earth observation, planetary exploration and satellite ground station activities, through inter alia an Indo-Swedish Space Seminar and a visit by an Indian delegation to Swedish space establishments.
  • Explore possible collaboration between the European Spallation Source (ESS), hosted by Sweden, and Indian partners.

Health and Life Sciences 
 

  • Enhance collaboration on the priority issues identified in the field of health, such as health research, pharmacovigilance and anti-microbial resistance, under the Memorandum of Understanding in the field of health care and public health.

Follow-up 
 

  • The Indo-Swedish Joint Commission on Scientific and Economic Affairs, Foreign Office Consultations and other relevant bilateral fora and Joint Working Groups will oversee the implementation of this Action Plan.

***

AKT/HS

Read more: Sweden India Joint Action Plan (April 17, 2018)

Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan and U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry co-chaired the inaugural meeting here today of the U.S.-India Strategic Energy Partnership, which President Donald J. Trump and Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced during their June 26, 2017 Summit in Washington, D.C.

 

The Partnership affirms the strategic importance of energy cooperation to the U.S.-India bilateral relationship and sets the stage for deeper and more meaningful engagements through government and industry channels. As leading global partners, the United States and India believe that energy cooperation can serve as a centerpiece in the bilateral relationship.

 

Through the Partnership, the United States and India collectively seek to enhance energy security, expand energy and innovation linkages across our respective energy sectors, bolster our strategic alignment, and facilitate increased industry and stakeholder engagement in the energy sector.

 

Today, Secretary Perry and Minister Pradhan led a high-level discussion with senior U.S. and Indian government officials that outlined their vision for the Strategic Energy Partnership and key areas of engagement. Under the Partnership, the United States and India will pursue four primary pillars of cooperation: (1) Oil and Gas; (2) Power and Energy Efficiency; (3) Renewable Energy and Sustainable Growth; and (4) Coal. Both parties may consider establishing additional pillars of cooperation based on mutual agreement.

 

The Strategic Energy Partnership elevates the role of energy in advancing shared goals, including universal energy access, strengthened energy security and increased energy efficiency. The Partnership will create important opportunities for advancing favorable policies and commercial investments in support of these goals, including in natural gas markets. In keeping with the shared objectives to provide a stronger business orientation to our energy cooperation, both sides noted with appreciation the growing investment of Indian companies in the United States and the beginning of oil and gas exports from the United States to India.

 

Recognizing the significance of civilian nuclear energy for meeting the growing global energy demands in a cleaner and more efficient manner, India and the United States are engaged in the implementation of the 2008 Agreement for cooperation concerning peaceful uses of nuclear energy, which represents an important milestone in our strategic relationship. In this regard, the two sides reaffirm their strong commitment to early and full implementation of our civil nuclear partnership, including the Westinghouse civil nuclear project at Kovvada.  Cooperation in this area is being pursued through relevant bilateral mechanisms.

 

As a first step in realizing the full potential of the Strategic Energy Partnership, the United States and India are pleased to announce the U.S.-India Natural Gas Task Force. The Task Force provides a team of U.S. and Indian industry experts with a mandate to propose, develop, and convey, innovative policy recommendations to Government of India in support of its vision for natural gas in the economy of India. The work of the Task Force is expected to advance the strategic and economic interests of both the United States and India.

 

Strategic Energy Partnership teams will convene soon to further develop action plans for the respective pillars of cooperation.  The U.S. and Indian co-chairs will receive reports from the pillar teams on a regular basis.

 

*****

 

PP/AD

Read more: India-US Strategy Energy Partnership Joint...

 

प्रसून जोशी  - नमस्‍कार मोदी जी             

प्रधानमंत्री  – नमस्‍ते आपको भी और सभी देशवासियों को नमस्‍कार    

प्रसून जोशी – मोदीजी, हम स‍बको मालूम है आप कितने व्‍यस्‍त कार्यक्रम में से समय निकालकर यहां आए हैं और हमने थोड़ा सा  समय आपका चुराया है। तो, पहले तो बहुत-बहुत धन्‍यवाद। मैंने कुछ समय पहले लिखा था भारत के बारे में कि

‘धरती के अंतस: में जो गहरा उतरेगा, उसी के नयनों में जीवन का राग दिखेगा

धरती के अंतस: में जो गहरा उतरेगा, उसी के नयनों में जीवन का राग दिखेगा

जिन पैरों में मिट्टी होगी, धूल सजेगी, उन्‍हीं के संग-संग इक दिन सारा विश्‍व चलेगा।‘

‘रेलवे स्‍टेशन’ से आपका सफर शुरू होता है और आज ‘रॉयल पैलेस’ में आप खास मेहमान बने।

इस सफर को मोदीजी कैसे देखते हैं आप?

प्रधानमंत्री – प्रसून जी मैं सबसे पहले तो आप सबका आभारी हूं कि इतनी बड़ी तादाद में आपके दर्शन करने का मुझे सौभाग्‍य मिला है और आपने धरती की धूल से अपनी बात को शुरू किया है। आप तो कवि राज हैं तो ‘रेलवे’ से ‘रॉयल पैलेस’, ये तुकबंदी आपके लिए बड़ी सरल है; लेकिन जिंदगी का रास्‍ता बड़ा कठिन होता है। जहां तक रेलवे स्‍टेशन की बात है, वो मेरी अपनी व्‍यक्तिगत जिंदगी की कहानी है। मेरी जिंदगी के संघर्ष का वो एक स्‍वर्णिम पृष्‍ठ है, जिसने मुझे जीना सिखाया, जूझना सिखाया और जिंदगी अपने लिए नहीं, औरों के लिए भी हो सकती है। ये रेल की पटरियों पर दौड़ती हुई और उससे निकलती हुई आवाज से मैंने बचपन से सीखा, समझा; तो वो मेरी अपनी बात है। लेकिन ‘रॉयल पैलेस’, ये नरेन्‍द्र मोदी का नहीं है। ये मेरी कहानी नहीं है...

प्रसून जी – और जो भावना आपके अंदर....

प्रधानमंत्री – वो ‘रॉयल पैलेस’ सवा सौ करोड़ हिन्‍दुस्‍तानियों के संकल्‍प का परिणाम है। रेल की पटरी वाला मोदी, ये नरेन्‍द्र मोदी है। ‘रॉयल पैलेस’ सवा सौ करोड़ हिन्‍दुस्‍तानियों का एक सेवक है, वो  नरेन्‍द्र मोदी नहीं है। और ये भारत के लोकतंत्र की ताकत है, भारत के संविधान का सामर्थ्‍य है, कि जहां एक ऐसा एहसास होता है, कि वरना जो जगह कुछ परिवारों के लिए रिजर्व रहती है, और लोकतंत्र में अगर जनता-जनार्दन, जो ईश्‍वर का रूप है; वो फैसला कर ले तो फिर एक चाय बेचने वाला भी उनका प्रतिनिधि बन करके ‘रॉयल पैलेस’ में हाथ मिला सकता है।

प्रसून जी – ये जो व्‍यक्ति और नरेन्‍द्र मोदी, जो प्रधानमंत्री, देश का प्रतिनिधित्‍व करते हैं, ये दोनों एकमय हो जाते हैं, जब ऐसी जगह में आप होते हैं, या देखते हैं कि मैं एक सफर कर चुका हूं या वो एकरस हो जाता है, सब मिल जाता है, और एक ही व्‍यक्ति रह जाता है?

प्रधानमंत्री – ऐसा है मैं वहां होता ही नहीं हूं। और मैं तो आदिशंकर के अद्ववैत के उस सिद्धांत को, किसी जमाने से उनसे जुड़ा हुआ था तो मैं जानता हूं कि जहां मैं नहीं, तू ही तू है; जहां द्ववैत नहीं है वहां द्वंद्व नहीं है, और इसलिए जहां द्ववैत नहीं है, और इसलिए मैं मेरे भीतर के उस नरेन्‍द्र मोदी को ले करके जाता हूं तो शायद मैं देश के साथ अन्‍याय कर दूंगा। देश के साथ न्‍याय तब होता है कि मुझे अपने-आपको भुला देना होता है, अपने-आपको मिटा देना होता है। स्‍वयं को खप जाना होता है और तब जा करके वो पौध खिलता है। बीज भी तो आखिर खप ही जाता है, जो वटवृक्ष को पनपाता है। और इसलिए आपने जो कहा वो मैं अलग तरीके से देखता हूं।

प्रसून जी – लेकिन जब देश की बात आती है तो आप उसको बहुत फोकस होकर देखते हैं और सब लोग आज बदलाव की बात करते हैं।  बदलाव पहले सोच में आता है फिर एक्‍शन में आता है, फिर एक प्रक्रिया से गुजरता है। आपसे बेहतर कौन जान सकता है इस बात को। पर बदलाव अपने साथ एक चीज और लेकर आता है, मोदीजी- अधीरता, आतुरता, बेसब्री, इम्पेशेंस. आइए देखते हैं हमारा क्‍या मतलब है इस वीडियो में।

मोदीजी, अभी हम सबने देखा था और ट्विटर पर प्रशांत दीक्षित जी हैं, जिन्‍होंने एक प्रश्‍न पूछा भी है कि बहुत काम हो रहा है, roads बन रही हैं, रेलवे लाइन्‍स बिछ रही हैं, घर रफ्तार से बन रहे हैं। वो कहते हैं कि पहले अगर हमें दो कदम चलने की आदत थी, तो मोदीजी अब हम कई गुना ज्‍यादा चल रहे हैं, पर फिर भी बेसब्री- अभी, अभी, अभी क्‍यों नहीं ... इसे कैसे देखते हैं आप?  

प्रधानमंत्री – मैं इसको जरा अलग तरीके से देखता हूं। जिस पल संतोष का भाव पैदा हो जाता है- बहुत हो गया, चलो यार इसी से गुजारा कर लेंगे, तो जिंदगी कभी आगे बढ़ती नहीं है। हर आयु में, हर युग में, हर अवस्‍था में कुछ न कुछ नया करने का, नया पाने का मकसद गति देता है, वरना तो मैं समझता हूं जिंदगी रुक जाती है। और अगर कोई कहता है कि बेसब्री बुरी चीज है तो मैं समझता हूं कि अब वो बूढ़े हो चुके हैं। मेरी दृष्टि से बेसब्री एक तरुणाई की पहचान भी है और आपने देखा होगा, जिसके घर में साइकिल है उसका मन करता है स्‍कूटर आ जाए तो अच्‍छा है; स्‍कूटर है तो मन करता है यार four wheeler आ जाए तो अच्‍छा है; ये अगर जज्‍बा ही नहीं है तो कल साइकिल भी चली जाएगी, तो कहेगा छोड़ो यार बस पर चले जाएंगे; तो वो जिंदगी नहीं है।

और मुझे खुशी है कि आज सवा सौ करोड़ देशवासियों के दिल में एक उमंग, उत्‍साह, आशा, अपेक्षा, ये उभर करके बाहर आ रही है। वरना एक कालखंड था निराशा की एक गर्त में हम डूब गए थे। और ऐसा था, चलो छोड़ो यार, अब कुछ होने वाला नहीं है, होती है, चलती है । और मुझे खुशी है कि हमने एक ऐसा माहौल बनाया है कि लोग हमसे ज्‍यादा अपेक्षा कर रहे हैं।

आपमें से जो लोग बहुत पहले भारत से निकले होंगे, शायद उनको पता नहीं होगा, लेकिन आज से 15-20 साल पहले जब अकाल की परिस्थिति पैदा होती थी तो गांव के लोग सरकारी दफ्तर में जा करके memorandum देते थे, और क्‍या मांग करते थे- कि इस बार अकाल हो जाए तो हमारे यहां मिट्टी खोदने का काम जरूर दीजिए, और हम रोड पर मिट्टी डालने का काम करना चाहते हैं ताकि हमारे यहां कच्‍ची सड़क बन जाए। उस समय उतनी ही बेसब्री थी कि जरा- एक तो अकाल आ जाए, अपेक्षा करते थे, अकाल आ जाए, और मिट्टी के गड्ढे खोदने का काम मिल जाए; और फिर एक रोड पर मिट्टी डालने का अवसर मिल जाए।

आज मेरा अनुभव है, मैं जब गुजरात में मुख्‍यमंत्री था, जिसके पास single lane road है, तो वो कहता है, अरे क्‍या मुख्‍यमंत्री जी, अब  डबल रोड बनाइए ना। डबल बना था, अरे साहब, अब तो, ये क्‍या है, पैबर रोड होना चाहिए, पैबर रोड होना चाहिए।

मुझे बराबर याद है, मैं उच्‍छल निझर, गुजरात के एक दम आखिरी छोर के तहसील थे, वहां से कुछ ड्राइवर लोग एक बार मुझे मिलने आए। वो कहते हैं हमें पैबर रोड चाहिए। मैंने कहा, यार मैं तुम्‍हारे इलाके में कभी स्‍कूटर पर घूम रहा था, मैं बस में आता था। मैं सालों तक जंगलों में काम किया हूं। तुम्‍हारे यहां तो रोड तो है।

बोले साहब, रोड तो है, लेकिन अब हम केले की खेती करते हैं और केले हमारे एक्‍सपोर्ट होते हैं। तो इस रोड पर हम जाते हैं तो ट्रक में केले दब जाते हैं। हमारा 20% नुकसान हो जाता है, हमें पैबर रोड चाहिए ताकि हमारे केले को कोई नुकसान न हो। मेरे देश के ट्रैवल के दिल में ये पैदा होना, ये बेसब्री पैदा होना, ये मेरे लिए प्रगति के बीज बोता है। और इसलिए मैं बेसब्री को बुरा नहीं मानता।

दूसरा, आपने परिवार में भी देखा होगा- तीन अगर बेटे हैं- मां-बाप तीनों को प्‍यार करते हैं। लेकिन काम होता है तो एक को कहते हैं, अरे यार जरा देख लो। जो करेगा, उसी को तो कहेंगे ना। अगर आज, आज देश मुझसे ज्‍यादा अपेक्षा रखता है, इसलिए रखता है कि उनको भरोसा  है, यार, आज नहीं तो कल, उसके दिमाग में भर दो, कभी तो करके रहेगा ही।

तो मैं समझता हूं कि- और ये बात सही है कि देश ने कभी सोचा नहीं था कि ये देश इतनी तेज गति से काम कर सकता है। वरना मान लिया था, पहले incremental change हो जाए तो भी संतोष हो जाता था, यार, चलो यार हो गया। अब उसको नहीं होता है, उसको होता है, अरे साहब, और पहले एक दिन में जितने रास्‍ते बनते थे, अब करीब-करीब तीन गुना हम बना रहे हैं, पहले जितना काम एक दिन में होता था, वो आज तीन गुना होने लगा है। रेल की पटरी डालनी हो, रेल की डबल लाइन करनी हो, solar energy लगानी हो, टॉयलेट बनाने का काम हो, हर चीज में। और इसलिए स्‍वाभाविक है कि देशवासियों को अपेक्षा है क्‍योंकि भरोसा है।

प्रसून जी – जी, तो ऐसा लगता है कि जब पहले रोड उन तक पहुंचती है और जब उन तक रोड पहुंच जाती है तो वो दुनिया तक पहुंचना चाहते हैं। तो ये आशाएं एक तरफ आप जगाने की बात करते हैं और इस बेसब्री को आपने बखूबी समझा और उसकी जो positive side है कि किस तरह से वो बेसब्री जो है, वो द्योतक है आगे बढ़ने की भावना का, वो आपने हमें समझाया।

मोदीजी, लोगों की बेसब्री तो एक तरफ है, लेकिन क्‍या कभी आप बेसब्र हो जाते हैं, सरकारी व्‍यवस्‍था जिसके साथ आप का काम करते हैं। सरकारी कामकाज के तरीकों से, या कभी निराशा होती है कि चीजें मोदीजी के हिसाब से, उस स्‍पीड से नहीं चल रही हैं? वो बुलेट ट्रेन की स्‍पीड से, जिस तरह से आपके मन में घटित होती?

प्रधानमंत्री – मुझे पता नहीं था कि कवि के भीतर भी कोई पत्रकार बैठा होता है। मैं मानता हूं जिस दिन मेरी बेसब्री खत्‍म हो जाएगी, उस दिन मैं इस देश के काम नहीं आऊंगा। मैं चाहता हूं मेरे भीतर वो बेसब्री बनी रहनी चाहिए, क्‍योंकि वो मेरी ऊर्जा है, वो मुझे ताकत देती है, मुझ दौड़ाती है। हर शाम सोता हूं तो दूसरे दिन का सपना ले करके सोता हूं और सुबह उठता हूं तो लग पड़ता हूं।

जहां तक निराशा का सवाल है, मैं समझता हूं कि जब खुद के लिए कुछ लेना, पाना, बनना होता है, तब वो आशा और निराशा से जुड जाता है। लेकिन जब आप ‘सर्वजन हिताय, सर्वजन सुखाय’ इस संकल्‍प को ले करके चलते हैं; मैं समझता हूं कि निराश कभी होने का कारण नहीं बनता है।

कुछ लोगों को कभी लगता है, छोड़ो यार कुछ होने वाला नहीं है, सरकार बेकार है, नियम बेकार हैं, कानून बेकार है, ब्‍यूरोक्रेसी बेकार है, तौर-तरीके बेकार हैं; आपको ऐसे एक set of person मिलेंगे जो यही बातें बताते हैं। मैं दूसरे प्रकार का इंसान हूं। मैं कभी-कभी कहता था, अगर एक गिलास में आधा भरा हुआ है- तो एक व्‍यक्ति मिलेगा जो कहेगा  गिलास आधा है, दूसरा कहेगा गिलास आधा भरा हुआ है, एक कहेगा- आधा खाली है। मुझे कोई पूछता है तो मैं कहता हूं- आधा पानी से भरा है, आधा हवा से भरा है।

और इसलिए, अब आप देखिए, वही सरकार, वही कानून, वही ब्यूरोक्रेट, वही तौर-तरीके; उसके बावजूद भी अगर चार साल का लेखा-जोखा लेंगे और आखिरकार आपको; मैं किसी दूसरी सरकार की आलोचना करने के लिए मंच का उपयोग नहीं करूंगा, और मुझे करना भी नहीं चाहिए। लेकिन समझने के लिए comparative study के लिए आवश्‍यक होता है कि भई गत दस साल में काम किस प्रकार से होता था उसको देखेंगे तब पता चलेगा कि चार साल में कैसे हुआ। तो आपको ध्‍यान में आएगा कि तब की निर्णय प्रक्रियाएं, आज की निर्णय प्रक्रियाएं; तब के एक्‍शन, आज के एक्‍शन; आपको आसमान-जमीन का अंतर दिखेगा। मतलब ये हुआ कि इन्‍हीं व्‍यवस्‍थाओं से, अगर आपके पास नीति स्‍पष्‍ट हो, नीयत साफ हो, इरादे नेक हों और ‘सर्वजन हिताय, सर्वजन सुखाय’ करने का इरादा हो तो इसी व्‍यवस्‍था के तहत आप इच्छित परिणाम ले सकते हैं।

ये मूलभूत मेरी सोच होने के कारण, ये तो है ही नहीं कि मैं जो चाहूं वो सब होता है, लेकिन नहीं भी होता है तो मैं निराश नहीं होता हूं क्‍योंकि मैं सोचता हूं क्‍यों नहीं हुआ, आगे इसको करने का रास्‍ता- मैं इस तरफ गया था, जरा नए तरीके से करूंगा, मैं करके रहता हूं।

प्रसून जी – मोदीजी, यहां पर हम एक सवाल लेना चाहते हैं जो  वीडियो के माध्‍यम से हम देखेंगे। प्रियंका वर्मा जी हैं दिल्‍ली से, वो, उन्‍होंने एक सवाल आपके लिए भेजा है। देखते हैं-

प्रियंका  -  मोदीजी, I am प्रियंका from Delhi, और मेरा भी आपसे एक सवाल है कि हम Government क्‍यों choose करते हैं ताकि सरकार हमारे लिए काम कर सके। लेकिन जब से आप आए हैं तब से तो सिस्‍टम बिल्‍कुल बदल ही गया है। आपने तो सरकार के साथ-साथ हम जैसे लोगों को भी काम पर लगा दिया है, जो कि बहुत अच्‍छी बात है। पर मेरा आपसे एक सवाल है कि ऐसा पहले क्‍यों नहीं होता था? Thank You.

प्रसून जी – ये जो सवाल पूछ रहीं हैं कि आप लोगों से लोगों को जोड़ते हैं, सरकार के काम के साथ। और चाहे वो गैस सब्सिडी की बात हो; कई चीजों में आप एक अपेक्षा रखते हैं जनता से, तो ये किस तरह का एक आपका?

प्रधानमंत्री – प्रियंका ने बहुत अच्‍छा सवाल पूछा है और देखिए आप eighteen fifty seven से ले लीजिए 1947 तक। उसके पहले भी जा सकते हैं लेकिन मैं eighteen fifty seven पर जाता हूं। जब प्रथम स्‍वतंत्रता संग्राम हुआ 1857 का। आप कोई भी साल उठा लीजिए, सौ साल में कोई भी साल उठा लीजिए, हिन्‍दुस्‍तान का कोई भी कोना उठा लीजिए। कोई न कोई देश की आजादी के लिए शहीद हुआ है, देश की आजादी के लिए मर-मिटने के लिए कुछ न कुछ किया है, किसी न किसी नौजवान ने अपनी जिंदगी जेल में बिता दी है। मतलब आजादी का संघर्ष किसी भी समय, किसी भी कोने में रुका नहीं था। लोग आते थे, भिड़ते थे, शहादत मोल लेते थे, आजादी की बात चलती रहती थी।

लेकिन महात्‍मा गांधी ने क्‍या किया? महात्‍मा गांधी ने इस पूरी भावना को एक नया रूप दे दिया। उन्‍होंने जन-सामान्‍य को जोड़ा। सामान्‍य से सामान्‍य व्‍यक्ति को कहते थे अच्‍छा भाई तुम्‍हें देश की आजादी चाहिए ना? ऐसा करो- तुम झाडू़ ले करके सफाई करो, देश को आजादी मिलेगी। तुम्‍हें आजादी चाहिए ना? तुम टीचर हो, अच्‍छी तरह बच्‍चों को पढ़ाओ, देश को आजादी मिलेगी। तुम प्रौढ़ शिक्षा कर सकते हो, करो। तुम खादी का काम कर सकते हो, करो। तुम नौजवानों को मिला करके प्रभात फेरी निकाल सकते हो, निकालो।

महात्‍मा गांधी ने आजादी को जन-आंदोलन में परिवर्तित कर दिया। जन-सामान्‍य को उसकी क्षमता के अनुसार काम दे दिया। तुम रेटियां ले करके बैठ जाओ, सूत कातो, देश को आजादी मिल जाएगी। और लोगों को भरोसा हो गया, हां यार, आजादी इससे भी आ सकती है।

मैं समझता हूं कि मरने वालों की कमी नहीं थी, देश के लिए मर-मिटने वालों की नहीं थी, लेकिन वो आते थे शहीद हो जाते थे, फिर कोई नया खड़ा होता था, शहीद हो जाता था।

गांधीजी ने एक साथ हिन्‍दुस्‍तान के हर कोने में कोटि-कोटि जनों को खड़ा कर दिया जिसके कारण आजादी प्राप्‍त करना सरल हो गया। विकास भी, मैं मानता हूं जन-आंदोलन बन जाना चाहिए। अगर ये कोई सोचता है कि सरकार देश बदल देगी, सरकार विकास कर देगी; आजादी के बाद एक ऐसा माहौल बन गया, आजाद हो गए, सब सरकार करेगी।  गांव में एक गड्ढा भी हो, गड्ढा हुआ हो तो गांव के लोग मिलेंगे, memorandum तैयार करेंगे, एक जीप किराये पर लेंगे, तहसील के अंदर जाएंगे, memorandum देंगे। जीप किराये पर करने के खर्चे में चाहते तो वो गड्ढा भर जाता, लेकिन अब वो सरकार करेगी।

आजादी के बाद एक माहौल बन गया, से सब कौन करेगा, सरकार करेगी। इसके कारण धीरे-धीरे क्‍या हुआ, जनता और सरकार के बीच दूरी बढ़ती गई। आपने देखा- बस में भी कोई जाता है, आप लोगों ने अनुभव किया होगा- बस में अकेला बैठा है, अगल-बगल में कोई पैसेंजर  नहीं है, रास्‍ता काटना है तो वो क्‍या करता है- वो सीट के अंदर अंगुली डालता है। उसके अंदर एक छेद कर देता है, और धीरे-धीरे-धीरे उसको काटता रहता है बैठा-बैठा, ऐसे कुछ नहीं। लेकिन जिस पल उसको पता चले कि ये बस सरकार की है मतलब मेरी है, ये सरकार मेरी है, देश मेरा है, ये भाव लुप्‍त हो चुका है।

मैं चाहता हूं कि देश में ये भाव बहुत प्रबल होना चाहिए। दूसरा, लोकतंत्र, ये कोई contract agreement नहीं है कि मैंने आज ठप्‍पा मारा, वोट दे दिया, अब पांच साल बेटे काम करो, पांच साल के बाद पूछूंगा क्‍या किया है और न तो दूसरे को ले आऊंगा। ये labour contract नहीं है। ये भागीदारी का काम है और इसलिए मैं मानता हूं कि participative democracy, इस पर बल देना चाहिए। और आपने अनुभव किया होगा जब natural calamity होती है, सरकार से ज्‍यादा समाज की शक्ति लग जाती है और हम कुछ ही पलों में कि वो समस्‍या के समाधान निकालने में ताकत आ जाती है, क्‍यों? जनता-जनार्दन की ताकत बहुत होती है। लोकतंत्र में जनता पर जितना भरोसा करेंगे, जनता को जितना ज्‍यादा जोड़ेंगे, परिणाम मिलेगा।

सरकार बनने के बाद मैंने टॉयलेट बनाने का अभियान चलाया। आप कल्‍पना करें सरकार बना पाती? सरकार तो पहले पांच हजार बनाती होगी अब दस हजार बना लेती। कहेगी अरे पुरानी सरकार पांच हजार बनाती थी मोदी की दस हजार। दस हजार से काम कब पूरा होगा भाई?  जनता ने उठा लिया, काम पूरा हो गया।

और जनता की ताकत देखिए, भारत में सीनियर सिटिजन के लिए रेलवे के अंदर concession है टिकटों में। मैंने आ करके सरकार में कहा कि भाई अंदर लिखो तो सही, आप जो रिजर्वेशन के लिए फॉर्म भरते हो, लिखो तो सही कि भई मैं सीनियर सिटिजन हूं, मुझे बेनिफिट मिलता है, लेकिन मैं मेरा बेनिफिट जाने देना चाहता हूं। सिम्‍पल सा था, प्रधानमंत्री के लेवल पर मैंने कभी अपील भी नहीं की थी। आप सबको आश्‍चर्य होगा, जो हिन्‍दुस्‍तान की विशेषता देखी है, हिन्‍दुस्‍तान के सामान्‍य मानवी की देशभक्ति देखी है, अभी-अभी हमने ये निर्णय किया था, अब तक 40 लाख senior citizens, जो एसी में ट्रैवल करने वाले लोग हैं, उन्‍होंने voluntarily subsidy नहीं लेंगे, ऐसा लिख करके दिया और वो पूरी टिकट ले करके जाते थे।

अगर मैं कानूनन करता कि आप सीनियर सिटिजन को किसी कोच में ये बेनिफिट बंद तो जुलूस निकलता, पुतले जलते और फिर? फिर popularity rating आता, मोदी गिर गया। ये दुकान चल जाती। लेकिन आपने देखा होगा 40 लाख लोग।

मैंने एक दिन लालकिले पर से कहा- कि जो afford करते हैं, उनको गैस सब्सिडी क्‍यों लेनी चाहिए? हमारे देश में गैस सिलेंडर की संख्‍या के आधार पर चुनाव लड़े जाते थे। कोई कहते थे कि मुझे प्रधानमंत्री बनाइए, अभी 9 सिलेंडर मिलते हैं, मैं 12 सिलेंडर दूंगा; ये घोषणा की गई थी 2014 में। मैंने लोगों को उलटा कहा, मैंने कहा भाई जरूरत  नहीं है तो छोड़ दीजिए ना सब्सिडी, क्‍या जरूरत है। और आप हैरान हो जाएंगे, हिन्‍दुस्‍तान के करीब-करीब सवा करोड़ से ज्‍यादा परिवारों ने गैस सब्सिडी छोड़ दी। देश में ईमानदार लोगों की कमी नहीं है। देश के लिए जीने-मरने वाले, कुछ न कुछ करने वालों की कमी नहीं है।

हम लोगों का काम है देश के सामर्थ्‍य को समझना, उनको जोड़ना और मेरी ये कोशिश है कि हमने, सरकार ने ही देश चलाना है, ये सरकार को जो अहंकार है, उस अहंकार को सरकारों ने छोड़ देना चाहिए। जनता-जनार्दन ही शक्ति हैं, उनको ले करके चलें। हम चाहें, वैसा परिणाम जनता ला करके दे देगी और इसलिए मैं जनता के साथ मिल करके काम करने के विचार को ले करके आगे बढ़ रहा हूं।

प्रसून जी –वाह, मोदीजी, दो लाइने वो पुरानी याद आ रही हैं, जो ये सरकार और जनता के बीच की दूरी जो हो गई थी-

कि हम नीची नजर करके देखत हैं चरण तुमरे, तुम जाइके बैठे हो इक ऊंची अटरिया मां।

प्रधानमंत्री – मैं तो जनता-जनार्दन से यही प्रार्थना करूंगा कि आप हमें आशीर्वाद दीजिए, कम से कम मुझे वो आदत न आ जाए।

प्रसून जी – मोदीजी बिल्‍कुल ये। ये एक सवाल हम लेते हैं इसके बाद आते हैं। आप अभी, जी-जी जरूर आप कहिए-

दर्शकों में से एक सवाल की हमें रिक्‍वेसट थी- श्री मयूरेश ओझानी जी एक प्रश्‍न पूछना चाहते हैं। मयूरेश ओझानी जी अपना सवाल पूछें। कृपया इस तरफ आएं।

प्रश्‍नकर्ता - नमस्‍ते जी, मोदी जी। जब आपने सर्जिकल स्‍ट्राइक करने का अति महत्‍वपूर्ण, ऐतिहासिक और हिम्‍मतभरा कदम लिया था तब आपके मन में कैसी भावना उछल रही थी?

प्रसून जी –सर्जिकल स्‍ट्राइक पर आपका सवाल है।

प्रधानमंत्री – मैं आपका आभारी हूं कि आप वाणी से अपनी भावनाओं को प्रकट नहीं कर पा रहे हैं लेकिन आपने एक्‍शन से अपनी भावनाओं को प्रकट किया और शब्‍दों से आपके साथी ने मुझे बात को पहुंचाया। एक तो ये दृश्‍य अपने-आप में हृदय को छूने वाला है, it touched me. भगवान रामचंद्र जी और लक्ष्‍मण का जो संवाद है, लंका छोडते समय, तब भी उन सिद्धांतों को हमने देखा है। लेकिन जब कोई टेरे‍रिज्‍म एक्सपोर्ट करने का उद्योग बना करके बैठा हो, मेरे देश के निर्दोष नागरिकों को मौत के घाट उतार दिया जाता हो, युद्ध लड़ने की ताकत नहीं है, पीठ पर प्रयास करने के वार होते हों; तो ये मोदी है, उसी भाषा में जवाब देना जानता है।

हमारे जवानों को, टैंट में सोए हुए थे रात में, कुछ बुजदिल आकर उनको मौत के घाट उतार दें? आप में से कोई चाहेगा मैं चुप रहूं? क्‍या उनको ईंट का जवाब पत्‍थर से देना चाहिए कि नहीं देना चाहिए? और इसलिए सर्जिकल स्‍ट्राइक किया और मुझे मेरी सेना पर गर्व है, मेरे जवानों पर गर्व है। जो योजना बनी थी, उसको शत-प्रतिशत ..कोई भर गलती किए बिना उन्‍होंने implement किया और सूर्योदय होने से पहले सब वापिस लौट कर आ गए। और हमारी नेकदिली देखिए- मैंने हमारे अफसर जो इसको ऑपरेट कर रहे थे, उन्‍हें कहा, कि आप हिन्‍दुस्‍तान को पता चले उससे पहले, मीडिया वहां पहुंचे उससे पहले, पाकिस्‍तान की फौज को फोन करके बता दो कि आज रात हमने ये किया है, ये लाशें वहां पड़ी होंगी, तुम्‍हें समय हो तो जा करके ले आओ।

हम सुबह 11 बजे से उनको फोन लगाने की कोशिश कर रहे थे, फोन पर आने से डरते थे, आ नहीं रहे थे। मैं इधर पत्रकारों को बुला करके रखा हुआ था, हमारे आर्मी अफसर खड़े थे, पत्रकारों को आश्‍चर्य हो रहा था कि क्‍या बात है हमको बुलाया है, कोई बता नहीं रहे हैं।

मैंने कहा, पत्रकार बैठे हैं उनको बिठाइए, थोड़े वो नाराज हो जाएंगे, लेकिन सबसे पहले पाकिस्‍तान से बात करो, हमने किया है; छुपाया नहीं हमने। 12 बजे वो टेलीफोन पर आए, उनसे बात हुई, उनको बताया गया- ऐसा-ऐसा हुआ है और हमने किया है, और तब जा करके हमने हिन्‍दुस्‍तान के मीडिया को और दुनिया को बताया कि भारत की भारत की सेना का ये अधिकार था न्‍याय को प्राप्‍त करने का और हमने किया। तो सर्जिकल स्‍ट्राइक, ये भारत के वीरों का तो पराक्रम था ही था, लेकिन टेरेरिज्‍म एक्‍सपोर्ट करने वालों को पता होना चाहिए कि अब हिन्‍दुस्‍तान बदल चुका है।

प्रसून जी – मोदीजी, जब आपने वीरता की बात की, सेना की बात की। सेना के इतने त्‍याग के बाद भी वहां पर हम राजनीति का प्रवेश होता देखते हैं। सेना की वीरता पर लोग प्रश्‍नचिन्‍ह लगाने को तैयार हो जाते हैं। ये, इसको कैसे देखते हैं आप?

प्रधानमंत्री -  देखिए, फिर एक बार मैं इस मंच का उपयोग राजनीतिक प्रतिद्वद्वियों के लिए आलोचना करने के लिए उपयोग करना नहीं चाहता हूं। मैं इतना ही कहूंगा- ईश्‍वर सबको सद्बुद्धि दे।

प्रसून जी – मोदीजी, ये तो बात हुई, हमने बदलाव की की, बेसब्री की की। कहते है जहां न पहुंचे रवि, वहां पहुंचे कवि। कवि होने के नाते नहीं कह रहा हूं। सच्‍ची प्रगति वही है जो सब तक पहुंचे। कोई भी सभ्‍यता- आपने अभी कहा। जिस तरह से आपने बुजुर्गों की बात की, व्‍यंग्‍य की बात की। कोई भी सभ्‍यता स्‍वयं पर गर्व नहीं कर सकती अगर वो समाज के vulnerable  ends  का ध्‍यान नहीं रख पाती है।

कार्यक्रम के इस हिस्‍से में हम बात करना चाहते हैं उन वर्गों की जो शायद होकर भी हमें नहीं दिखाई देते थे। बड़ी-बड़ी योजनाओं के शोर में जिनके हित कहीं खो जाते थे। जैसे ढोल के स्‍वर में बांसुरी का स्‍वर कहीं मंथर लगता है। आइए, कुछ images देखते हैं।

मोदीजी, आपने लालकिले से पहली बार टॉयलेट जैसे मुद्दे पर बात की। किसी प्रधानमंत्री ने पहली बार ऐसे अहम मुद्दे को, पर जो छोटा लगने वाला, छोटा दिखने वाला मुद्दा हो, पर बहुत अहम हो, उसे प्राथमिकता दी, ये हमने देखा। ये जो प्राथमिकताएं बदली हैं, ये प्राथमिकताएं जो आप decide करते हैं, ये किस तरह decide करते हैं, और ये issues कैसे ऊपर आए?

प्रधानमंत्री -  देखिए, मैं ये तो नहीं कहूंगा कि आजादी के 70 साल में किसी सरकार का इन विषयों पर ध्‍यान ही नहीं था, ये कहना तो उनके साथ अन्‍याय होगा। तो मैं उस प्रकार से बात करता नहीं हूं और मैंने तो लालकिले से ये भी कहा था कि आज हिन्‍दुस्‍तान जहां है वहां देश आजाद होने से लेकर सभी सरकारों का, सभी प्रधानमंत्रियों का, सभी राज्‍य सरकारों का, सभी मुख्‍यमंत्रियों का, हर जन-प्रतिनिधि का कोई  न कोई योगदान है- ये मैंने लालकिले पर से कहा था और मैं इसको मानता हूं। लेकिन क्‍या कारण है कि इतनी योजनाएं हैं, इतना धन खर्च हो रहा है, सामान्‍य मानवी की‍ जिंदगी में बदलाव क्‍यों नहीं आता है?

महात्‍मा गांधी ने हम लोगों को एक सिद्धांत दिया था और मैं समझता हूं किसी भी developing country के लिए इससे बढ़िया कोई सिद्धांत नहीं हो सकता है। महात्‍मा गांधी ने कहा था, कोई भी नीति बनाएं तो उस तराजू से तोलिए कि उसका जो आखिरी छोर पर बैठा हुआ इंसान है,  उसकी जिंदगी में उस नीति का क्‍या प्रभाव होगा। मुझे महात्‍मा गांधी की ये बात मेरे गले उतर गई है कि हम नीतियां कितनी ही बढ़ाएं, बड़ी-बड़ी बात करें, लेकिन भाई जिसके लिए बना रहे हैं, वो समाज का आखिरी छोर का व्‍यक्ति, उस पर पहुंचने में हम कहां जा रहे हैं।

मैं जानता हूं मैंने ऐसे कठिन काम सिर पर लिए हैं, हो सकता है उन्‍हीं मेरे कामों को कोई negative point भी कर सकता है, लेकिन क्‍या इसलिए इन कामों को छोड़ देना चाहिए क्‍या? गरीब जहां पड़ा है पड़े रहने देना चाहिए क्‍या? और तब जा करके आप मुझे कल्‍पना कर सकते हैं जब किसी छोटी बालिका पर बलात्‍कार होता है कितनी दर्दनाक घटना है जी। लेकिन क्‍या हम ये कहेंगे कि तुम्‍हारी सरकार में इतने होते थे, मेरी सरकार में इतने होते हैं? मैं समझता हूं इससे बड़ा गलत रास्‍ता नहीं हो सकता है। बलात्‍कार, बलात्‍कार होता है, एक बेटी के साथ ये अत्‍याचार कैसे सहन कर सकते हैं? और इसलिए मैंने लालकिले पर से नए तरीके से इस विषय को पेश किया था। मैंने कहा अगर बेटी शाम को देर से आती है तो हर मां-बाप पूछते हैं, कहां गई थी? क्‍यों गई थी? किसको मिली थी? फोन पर बात करते हुए मां देखती है, हे-बात बंद करो, किससे बात कर रही हो? क्‍यों बात कर रही हो?

अरे भाई, बेटियों को तो सब पूछ रहे हो, कभी बेटों को भी तो पूछो, कहां गए थे? ये बात मैंने लालकिले से कही थी। और मैं मानता हूं ये बुराई समाज की है, व्‍यक्ति की है, विकृति है, सब होने के बावजूद भी देश के लिए चिंता का विषय है। और ये पाप करने वाला किसी का तो बेटा है। उसके घर में भी तो मां है।

उसी प्रकार से आप कल्‍पना कर सकते हैं कि आजादी के इतने सालों के बाद भारत में sanitation का कवर 35-40 percent के आसपास था। क्‍या आज भी हमारी माताओं-बहनों को, क्‍योंकि मैं, देखिए ये चीजें, का एक और कारण भी है- मुझे किताब पढ़के गरीबी सीखनी नहीं पड़ रही है।  मुझे टीवी के पर्दे पर गरीबी का अहसास करना नहीं है, मैं वो जिंदगी को जी करके आया हूं। गरीबी क्‍या होती है, पिछड़ापन क्‍या होता है, गरीबी की जिंदगी से कैसी जद्दोजहद होती है, वो मैं देखकर आया हूं।

और इसलिए, इसलिए मैं मन से मानता हूं- राजनीति अपनी जगह पर है, मेरी समाज नीति कहो, मेरी राष्‍ट्रनीति कहो, मुझे कहती हैं कि इनकी जिंदगी में कुछ तो बदलाव लाऊं मैं। और तब जाकर मैंने लालकिले से कहा कि हम 18 हजार गांव, जहां अभी तक बिजली नहीं पहुंची है, इसका मतलब बाकी गांवों में पहुंची है। जिन्‍होंने पहुंचाई है उनको सौ-सौ सलाम। लेकिन 70 साल के बाद 18 हजार में न पहुंचना, ये भी तो जिम्‍मेवारी हम लोगों को लेनी चाहिए।

और मैंने सरकारी दफ्तर से कहा, मैंने कहा- कब करोगे भाई? तो किसी  ने कहा सात साल लगेंगे। मैंने कहा- मैं सात साल इंतजार नहीं कर सकता। और मैंने लालकिले से घोषणा कर दी- मैं 1000 दिन में काम पूरा करना चाहता हूं। कठिन काम था, दुर्गम इलाके थे, कहीं तो एक्सट्रीमिस्ट लोग, माओवादियों का इलाका था। 18 हजार गांवों में बिजली पहुंचाने का काम करीब-करीब पूरा हुआ। अब शायद डेढ़ सौ, पौने दो सो गांव बाकी हैं।, काम चल रहा है।

आप कल्‍पना कर सकते हैं कि गरीब मां शौचालय जाने के लिए सूर्योदय से पहले जंगल जाने के लिए सोचती हैं और दिन में कभी जाना पड़े, शारीरिक पीड़ा सहती हैं लेकिन सूरज ढलने तक का इंतजार करती हैं। वो शौचालय के लिए नहीं जाती हैं। उस मां को कितनी पीड़ा होती होगी? कितना दर्द होता होगा? उसके शरीर पर कैसा जुल्‍म होता होगा? क्‍या हम टॉयलेट नहीं बना सकते? ये सवाल मुझे सोने नहीं देते थे। और तब जा करके मुझे लगा कि मैं लालकिले पर से जा करके अपनी भावनाओं को बिना लाग-लपेट बता दूंगा, जिम्‍मेदारी बहुत बड़ी होगी। लेकिन मैंने देखा कि देश ने बहुत response दे दिया। जो मेरा करीब, आज तीन लाख गांव open defecation free हो गए और काम तेजी से चल रहा है। और इसलिए last mile delivery, ये लोकतंत्र में सरकारों की प्राथमिक जिम्‍मेवारी है। 

और इसी प्रकार अभी जैसे मैंने एक बीड़ा उठाया है- पहले उठाया बीड़ा, गांव में बिजली पहुंचाऊंगा। अब बीड़ा उठाया है घर में बिजली पहुंचाऊंगा। चार करोड़ परिवार ऐसे हैं। भारत में टोटल 25 करोड़ परिवार हैं, सवा सौ करोड़ जनसंख्‍या है लेकिन करीब-करीब 25 करोड़ परिवार हैं। आजादी के 70 साल बाद चार करोड़ परिवारों में आज भी 18वीं शताब्‍दी की जिंदगी है। वो दीया जला करके गुजारा करते हैं।

मैंने बीड़ा उठाया है। सौभाग्‍य योजना के तहत मुफ्त में उन चार करोड़ परिवारों में बिजली का कनेक्‍शन दूंगा। उनके बच्‍चे बिजली में पढ़ेंगे, उनके घर में अगर कम्‍प्‍यूटर चलाना है, मोबाइल चार्ज करना है तो दुनिया से जुड़ेंगे। टीवी लाने का खर्चा मिल जाएगा तो टीवी देखेंगे, बदलती हुई दुनिया देखेंगे। वो दुनिया के साथ जुड़ने के लिए उनके अंदर भी बेसब्री मुझे पैदा करनी है। उनके अंदर वो बेसब्री पैदा करनी है ताकि वो भी कुछ करने के लिए मेरे साथ जुड़ जाएं और वही तो empowerment है। मैं गरीबों का empowerment करके गरीबी से लड़ाई लड़ने के लिए मेरे साथियों की एक नई फौज तैयार करना चाहता हूं, जो फौज गरीबों से निकली होगी और गरीबी के खिलाफ लड़ाई लड़ेगी और तब जा करके गरीबी मिटेगी। गरीबी हटाओ के नारे से नहीं होता है।

प्रसून जी – मोदीजी, आप पूरी मेहनत कर रहे हैं, ये सब मानते हैं पर क्‍या अकेले आप देश बदल पाएंगे?

प्रधानमंत्री -  देखिए, मैं मेहनत करता हूं, ये बात आपने कही, मैं समझता हूं देश में इस विषय में कोई विवाद नहीं है। मैं मेहनत करता हूं ये मुद्दा ही नहीं है; अगर न करता तो मुद्दा है। मेरे पास पूंजी है प्रमाणिकता। मेरे पास पूंजी है मेरे सवा सौ करोड़ देशवासियों का प्‍यार और इसलिए मुझे ज्‍यादा से ज्‍यादा मेहनत करनी चाहिए। और मैं देशवासियों को कहना चाहूंगा कि मैं भी आपके जैसा ही एक सामान्‍य नागरिक हूं। मुझमें वो सारी कमियां हैं जो एक सामान्‍य मानवी में होती हैं।

कोई मुझे अलग न समझो। आप मुझे अपने जैसा ही मान लो, और हकीकत है। मैं किस जगह पर बैठा हूं, वो तो एक व्‍यवस्‍था का हिस्‍सा है, लेकिन मैं वही हूं जो आप हैं। आपसे मैं अलग नहीं हूं। मेरे भीतर एक विद्यार्थी है। और मैं, मेरे शिक्षकों का बहुत आभारी हूं कि बचपन में मुझे उन्‍होंने ये रास्‍ता सिखाया कि मेरे भीतर के विद्यार्थी को कभी मरने नहीं दिया। और मुझे जो दायित्‍व मिलता है उसे मैं सीखने की कोशिश करता हूं, समझने की कोशिश करता हूं। गलतियां नहीं होंगी, मैं जब चुनाव लड़ रहा था तो मैंने देशवासियों को कहा था, कि मेरे पास अनुभव नहीं है। मुझसे गलतियां हो सकती हैं। लेकिन मैंने देशवासियों को विश्‍वास दिया था कि मैं गलतियां कर सकता हूं लेकिन बदइरादे से गलत कभी नहीं करूंगा।

लंबे समय तक longest service chief minister के रूप में गुजरात में काम करने का मौका मिला, अब चार साल होने आए हैं, प्रधानमंत्री का, प्रधान सेवक का काम मुझे मिल गया है। लेकिन गलत इरादे से कोई काम नहीं करूंगा, मैंने देश को वादा किया है।

अब सवाल ये है, मैंने कभी नहीं सोचा है कि देश मैं बदल दूंगा, ये कभी नहीं सोचा है। लेकिन मेरे भीतर एक भरपूर विश्‍वास पड़ा है कि मेरे देश में अगर लाखों समस्‍याएं हैं तो सवा सौ करोड़ समाधान भी हैं। अगर मिलियन problems हैं तो बिलियन solutions भी हैं। सवा सौ करोड़ देशवासियों की शक्ति पर मेरा भरोसा है और मैंने अनुभव किया है कि कोई कल्‍पना कर सकता है- नोटबंदी। आप अगर टीवी खोल करके देखोगे तो नोटबंदी मतलब मुझे अर्जेन्‍टीना के राष्‍ट्रपति मिले थे तो वो कह रहे थे मोदीजी- मेरे अच्‍छे दोस्‍त हैं। बोले मैं और मेरी पत्‍नी बात कर रहे थे कि मेरा दोस्‍त गया। मैंने कहा, क्‍यों, क्‍या हुआ अरे, बोले यार तुमने जब नोटबंदी की, तो क्‍योंकि वेनेजुएला में उसी समय चल रहा था, उनके पड़ोसी हैं लोग तो उनको पता था।

तो बोले, मेरी पत्‍नी और हम दोनों चर्चा करते थे कि मेरा दोस्‍त गया। Eighty six percent currency कारोबारी व्‍यवस्‍था से बाहर हो जाए, टीवी के पर्दे पर लगातार सरकार के खिलाफ धुंआधार आक्रमण हो, लेकिन ये देशवासियों के प्रति मेरा भरोसा था, क्‍योंकि देश, मेरा देश ईमानदारी के लिए जूझ रहा है। मेरा सामान्‍य देश का नागरिक र्इमानदारी के लिए कष्‍ट झेलने को तैयार है, करने को तैयार है। अगर ये मेरे देश की ताकत है तो मुझे उस ताकत के अनुरूप अपनी जिंदगी को ढालना चाहिए। और उसी का नतीजा है कि आज जितने भी परिणाम आप देखते हैं, मोदी तो निमित्‍त है और actually मोदी की जरूरत है यहां। जरूरत क्‍या है, किसी को भी पत्‍थर मारना है तो मारेंगे किसको भाई किसी को कूड़ा-कचरा फैंकना है तो फेंकेंगे कहां जी? किसी को गालियां देनी हैं तो देंगे किसको?

तो मैं अपने-आपको सौभाग्‍यशाली मानता हूं कि मेरे सवा सौ करोड़ देशवासियों पर कोई पत्‍थर नहीं पड़ रहे हैं, कोई कीचड़ नहीं उछाल रहा, कोई गालियां नहीं दे रहा है। मैं अकेला हूं, लेता रहता हूं, झेलता रहता हूं। और मैं आपकी तरह कवि तो नहीं हूं लेकिन हर युग में कोई न कोई कुछ तो लिखते ही रहते हैं। आपमें से सबने लिखा होगा। लेकिन हम सब कवि नहीं बन सकते। वो तो प्रसून ही बन सकते हैं। लेकिन मैंने कभी लिखा था।

प्रसून जी – जी

प्रधानमंत्री -  क्‍योंक मैं ऐसी जिंदगी गुजार करके आया हूं तो मेरी जिंदगी में ये सब झेलना बड़ा स्‍वाभाविक था। हम ठोकरे खाते-खाते आए हैं जी। बहुत प्रकार की परेशानियों से निकल करके आए हैं तो मैंने लिखा था कि जो लोग मुझे – मुझे पूरी कविता के शब्‍द आज याद नहीं लेकिन किसी को रुचि होगी तो मेरी एक किताब है जरूर आप देख लेना। मैंने उसमें लिखा था-

‘’जो लोग मुझे पत्‍थर फेंकते हैं मैं उन पत्‍थरों से ही पक्‍थी बना देता हूं और उसी पक्‍थी पर चढ़ करके आगे चलता हूं।‘’

और इसलिए मेरा concept रहा है Team India, सिर्फ सरकार में बैठे हुए लोग नहीं। ब्‍यूरोक्र्रेसी है, राज्‍य सरकार है, federal structure के लिए मेरी बहुत बड़ी प्राथमिकता है। Co-operative federalism को मैंने competitive co-operative federalism की दिशा में ले जाने का प्रयास किया है

मैंने अभी देश के 115 districts, aspirational districts को identify किया है। मैं उनको प्रेरणा जगा रहा हूं कि आप अपने स्‍टेट की जो एवरेज है, वहां तक आ जाओ, मैं आपके साथ खड़ा हूं। मैं उनको उत्‍साह बढ़ा रहा हूं और वो कर रहे हैं। और उसी का परिणाम है कि टॉयलेट का लक्ष्‍य करता हूं, पूरा हो जाता है। 18 हजार गांवों में बिजली, कोई मोदी खंभा डालने गया था क्‍या? खंभा डालने के लिए मेरे देशवासी गए थे। बिजली पहुंचाने वाले मेरे देशवासी गए थे। और इसलिए महात्‍मा गांधी की वो बात जिसे मैंने एक मंत्र के रूप में लिया है कि आजादी के लिए दीवाने बहुत थे, आजादी के लिए मरने वाले लोग भी बहुत थे, और उनकी त्‍याग-तपस्‍या को कोई कम नहीं आंक सकता है, उनकी शहादत को कोई कम नहीं आंक सकता है। लेकिन गांधी ने आजादी को जन–आंदोलन बना दिया, मैं विकास को जन–आंदोलन बना रहा हूं।

मोदी अकेला कुछ नहीं करेगा और मोदी ने कुछ नहीं करना चाहिए, लेकिन देश सब कुछ करे और मोदी भी ...कभी तो मैं कहता था, जब मैं गुजरात में था तो बात करता था, मैंने कहा- हमारा देश ऐसा है कि सरकार रुकावट बनना बंद कर दे ना तो भी देश बहुत आगे बढ़ जाता है। उन मूलभूत विचारों से मैं चलने वाला इंसान हूं।

प्रसून जी – कविता की आपने बात की तो आपको सामने देखकर एक कविता मैं सुना देता हूं। जो कविता, मतलब मैं कहूंगा कि भारत पर तो बहुत ही खरी उतरती है। आप पर भी बहुत खरी उतरती है। कहीं आप समझें कि मैं क्‍या कह रहा हूं-

‘कि सर्प क्‍यों इतने चकित हो? सर्प क्‍यों इतने चकित हो? दंश का अभ्‍यस्‍त हूं।

सर्प क्‍यों इतने चकित हो? दंश का अभ्‍यस्‍त हूं, पी रहा हूं विष युगों से, सत्‍य हूं, आश्‍वस्‍त हूं।

सर्प क्‍यों इतने चकित हो? दंश का अभ्‍यस्‍त हूं, पी रहा हूं विष युगों से, सत्‍य हूं, आश्‍वस्‍त हूं।

ये मेरी माटी लिए है गंध मेरे रक्‍त की, जो कह रही है मौन की, अभिव्‍यक्‍त की।

मैं अभय लेकर चलूंगा, मैं विचलित न त्रस्‍त हूं।

सर्प क्‍यों इतने चकित हो? दंश का अभयस्‍त हूं।

है मेरा उद्गम कहां पर और कहां गंतव्‍य है?

दिख रहा है सत्‍य मुझको, रूप जिसका भव्‍य है।

मैं स्‍वयं की खोज में कितने युगों से व्‍यस्‍त हूं।

सर्प क्‍यों इतने चकित हो? दंश का अभयस्‍त हूं।

है मुझे संज्ञान इसका बुलबुला हूं सृष्टि में,

है मुझे संज्ञान इसका बुलबुला हूं सृष्टि में।

एक लघु सी बूंद हूं मैं, एक लघु सी बूंद हूं मैं, एक शाश्‍वत वृष्टि मैं।

है नहीं सागर को पाना, मैं नदी सन्‍यस्‍त हूं।

सर्प क्‍यों इतने चकित हो? दंश का अभयस्‍त हूं।

प्रधानमंत्री  -  प्रसून जी हम लोग, आपकी भावना का मैं आदर करता हूं, लेकिन हमारी रगों में वही भाव रहा है- अमृतस्य पुत्रा वयं

इसी भाव को लेकर हम पले-बढ़े लोग हैं और इसलिए हमारे देश में हर किसी  ने दंश भी सहे हैं, जहर भी पिया है, परेशानियां भी झेली हैं, अपमान भी झेले हैं लेकिन सपनों को कभी मरने नहीं दिया है।

और ये जज्बा ही है जो देश को नई ऊंचाइयों पर ले जाने की ताकत रखता है और मैं इसको अनुभव करता हूं जी।

प्रसून जी – यहां पर कुछ सवाल लेते हैं। श्री सेमुअल डाउजर्ट से लेते हैं एक सवाल , जो आपसे एक सवाल पूछना चाहते हैं। जी आप अपना सवाल जरूर आपके साथ कोई खड़ा होगा उसे दे दें लिखकर। वो आप तक पहुंचेगे, आप जरा लिखकर दे दें बस। आप दे दें, मैं पूछ लूंगा। मैं आपका नाम एनाउंस कर दूंगा

सेमुअल डाउजर्ट – Good Evening Mr. Prime Minister. What is your opinion about Modicare? Everyone is talking about it.Thank You.

प्रसून जी – I think मोदी केयर, ऐसे ही ओबामा केयर, मोदी केयर के बीच में parallel draw किया है उन्‍होंने। तो उस विषय में कि हेल्‍थ सेक्‍टर के बारे में शायद बात करना चाहते हैं।

प्रधानमंत्री – देखिए, मैं अनुभव करता हूं कि तीन बातों पर मेरा एक आग्रह है, मैं कोई बड़ी-बड़ी बातें करने वाले लोगों में से नहीं हूं। मेरी जिंदगी का ब्रेकग्राउंड ही ऐसा है कि मैं, हमारे मेघनाथ भाई बैठे हैं यहां पर, मैं कोई उस प्रकार की बातें करने वाली मेरी परम्‍परा नहीं है। लेकिन तीन चीजें- बच्‍चों को पढ़ाई, युवा को कमाई, बुजुर्गों को दवाई- ये चीजें हैं जो हमें एक स्‍वस्‍थ समाज के लिए चिंता करनी चाहिए। मैंने अनभव किया है कि कितना ही अच्‍छा परिवार क्‍यों न हो, कोई व्‍यसन न हो, कोई बुराइयां न हो, कुछ न हो, बहुत अच्‍छे ढंग से चलता हो परिवार, किसी का बुरा भी न किया हो; लेकिन उस परिवार में अगर एक बीमारी आ जाए। कल्‍पना की होगी कि चलो भाई बच्‍ची बड़ी हो गई है, बेटी के हाथ पीले करने हैं, शादी करवानी है, और घर में एक व्‍यक्ति की बीमारी हो जाए, पूरा प्‍लान खत्‍म हो जाता है। बच्‍ची कुंवारी रह जाती है, बीमारी पूरे परिवार को तबाह करके चली जाती है।

एक गरीब आदमी ऑटो रिक्‍शा चला रहा है, बीमार हो गया। ये व्‍यक्ति बीमार नहीं होता है पूरा परिवार बीमार हो जाता है। सारी व्‍यवस्‍था बीमार हो जाती है। और तब जाकर हमने कुछ सोचा, तो हमने health sector में एक बड़ा holistic approach लिया है। कुछ लोग इसको मोदी केयर के रूप में आज प्रचलित कर रहे हैं। मूलत: योजना है आयुष्‍मान भारत। और उसमें हमने preventive health की बात हो, affordable health की बात हो, sustainable chain की बात हो, इन सारे पहलुओं को ले करके हम आगे बढ़ रहे हैं।

इसके दो component हैं। एक- हम देश में करीब-करीब डेढ़ लाख से ज्‍यादा wellness centre create करना चाहते हैं ता‍कि अगल-बगल के 12-15 गांव के लोगों के लिए हेल्‍थ की सारी सुविधाएं उपलब्‍ध हों, और वो सारे technology driven हों। ताकि बड़े अस्‍पताल से जुड़ करे वहां पेशेंट आया है तो उसको तुरंत गाइड करें क्‍या दवाईयां चाहिए, व्‍यवस्‍था करें।

दूसरा- preventive health को बल दें। चाहे योगा हो, चाहे लाइफ स्‍टाइल हो, इन सारी चीजों को preventive health के लिए, चाहे nutrition हो। हमने एक पोषण मिशन शुरू किया है। Women and child health care के लिए, उसके द्वारा हमने काम किया है।

दुनिया के समृद्ध देशों में भी maternity leave के लिए आज भी उतनी उदारता नहीं है जितनी हमारी सरकार ने आ करके की है। मैं मानता हूं यूके के लोग भी जान करके खुश हो जाएंगे, हमने उन बच्‍चों के स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य की चिंता करते हुए, उस मां के स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य की चिंता करते हुए maternity leave, twenty six week कर दिया है।

एक और पहलू है कि परिवार को एक ऐसी व्‍यवस्‍था दी जाए। भारत के करीब दस करोड़ परिवार, यानी 50 करोड़, पापुलेशन एक प्रकार से आधी जनसंख्‍या, उनको सालभर में पांच लाख रुपया तक की बीमारी का खर्चा सरकार भुगतान करेगी। एक साल में परिवार के एक व्‍यक्ति, सब व्‍यक्ति  अगर जितनी बीमारी होती हैं, पांच लाख रुपये तक का पेमेंट सरकार देगी। इसके कारण गरीब की जिंदगी में ये जो संकट आता है उससे मुक्ति मिलेगी।

मैं जानता हूं बड़ा भगीरथ काम है लेकिन किसी को तो करना चाहिए।

दूसरा- इसके कारण जो प्राइवेट हॉस्पिटल आने की संभावना है टायर-2, टायर-3 सिटी में, अच्‍छे हॉस्पिटल का नेटवर्क खड़ा होगा। क्‍योंकि उनको पता है कि पेशेंट आएगा, क्‍योंकि पेशेंट को पता है कि मेरे पैसे कोई देने वाला है, तो वो जरूर जाएगा।

थोड़ी सी बीमारी आएगी तो आज नहीं जाता है, वो कहता है छोड़ो यार दो दिन में ठीक हो जाऊंगा, वो झेल लेता है। लेकिन जब पता है तो जाएगा। अस्‍पताल को भी पता है कि भाई पेशेंट जरूरत आए क्‍योंकि पैसे देने वाला कोई और है। और इसके कारण नए हॉस्पिटल का चेन बनेगा।

और मैं मानता हूं निकट भविष्‍य में और आपमें से जो हेल्‍थ के क्षेत्र में काम करना चाहते हैं, एक हजार से ज्‍यादा नए अच्‍छे हॉसिपटल बनने की संभावना पैदा हुई है। ये permanent solution system से पैदा हुई है।

उसी प्रकार से दवाइयां- पैकिंग अच्‍छा होता है, दवाई लिखने वाले को भी कुछ मिलता रहता है। आप जानते होंगे डॉक्‍टरों की कॉन्‍फ्रेंस कभी सिंगापुर होती है कभी दुबई होती है, हैं। वहां कोई बीमार है इसलिए नहीं जाते हैं, फार्मास्‍यूटिकल कम्‍पनियों के लिए जरूरी है, करते हैं।

तो हमने क्‍या किया- जेनेरिक मेडिसिन्‍स, और वो उतनी ही उत्‍तम क्‍वालिटी की होती है। जो दवाई 100 रुपये में मिलती थी, वो आज  जेनेरिक मेडिकल स्‍टोर में 15 रुपये में मिलती है। करीब 3 हजार ऐसे हमने जन-औषधालय का काम किया है और, और भी हम बढ़ा रहे हैं ताकि सामान्‍य व्‍यक्ति, और उसको हम प्रचारित भी कर रहे हैं।

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अतुल तिवारी/ हिमांशु सिंह/ निर्मल

Read more: Preliminary text of PM’s interaction in Bharat...

 

SteelMinister, Chaudhary Birender Singh felicitating winners of contest on

Start-up India’ in steel sector in New Delhi

 

Union Minister of Steel, Chaudhary Birender Singh felicitated the winners of contest on Start-up India titled #myLOVESTEELidea at a function organized by Ministry of Steel in New Delhi, today. This contest launched during the India International Trade Fair, 2017 by Ministry of Steel aims to encourage fresh business ideas based on steel. The Minister said, the contest received huge participation and many smart ideas have been received reflecting that steel as a material is gaining popularity and can have several uses.He further added thatsteel as a material can find various usages in several sectors apart from the conventional sectors. The life cycle cost of steel, its durability, strength, eco friendliness makes it a better choice in construction and infrastructural work.

The first prize was awarded to Sumit Gupta from Delhi for his idea of Steel based expandable tiny homes for providing low cost basic housing with solar panels and bio toilets. Second Prize was awarded to HareeshS. from Thiruvanthapuram for his idea of designs for Stainless steel waste bin, incorporating enclosed segregated storage and with provisions for advertising space. Third prize was awarded to VasimMalek from Nadiad City, Gujarat for his idea of laying underground permanent steel utility ducting along roads and in apartments for eliminating disruption of daily life of citizens due to repeated digging up. Apart from these, four appreciation prizes were also awarded.

 

This contest was held in association with MyGov, Government of India. Steel Research and Technology Mission of India(SRTMI), an organization with Ministry of Steel, will provide technical support to the contest winners for taking their projects forward.

Steel secretary Dr.Aruna Sharma, Chairman SAIL and other dignitaries were present on this occasion.

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MM/BL

Read more: Steel Minister Felicitates Winners of Contest on

The official Wholesale Price Index for ‘All Commodities’ (Base: 2011-12=100) for the month of March, 2018 rose by 0.2 percent to 116.0 (provisional) from 115.8 (provisional) for the previous month.

INFLATION

The annual rate of inflation, based on monthly WPI, stood at 2.47% (provisional) for the month of March, 2018 (over March, 2017) as compared to 2.48% (provisional) for the previous month and 5.11% during the corresponding month of the previous year. Build up inflation rate in the financial year so far was 2.47% compared to a build up rate of 5.11% in the corresponding period of the previous year.

Inflation for important commodities / commodity groups is indicated in Annex-1 and Annex-II.

The movement of the index for the various commodity groups is summarized below:-

PRIMARY ARTICLES (Weight 22.62%)

The index for this major group declined by 0.5 percent to 127.4 (provisional) from 128 (provisional) for the previous month. The groups and items which showed variations during the month are as follows:-

The index for ‘Food Articles’ group declined by 0.4 percent to 137.2 (provisional) from 137.8 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of egg (5%), gram, tea, coffee, poultry chicken and condiments & spices (3% each), rajma (2%) and fish-inland, masur, bajra, fruits & vegetables and beef and buffalo meat (1% each).  However, the price of ragi (3%), jowar and fish-marine (2% each) and peas/chawali, moong, betel leaves, wheat, paddy and pork (1% each) moved up.

The index for ‘Non-Food Articles’ group declined by 0.3 percent to 120.2 (provisional) from 120.6 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of guar seed (7%), niger seed (6%), floriculture (5%), raw cotton, cotton seed, skins (raw) and gingelly seed (3% each), copra (coconut) (2%) and linseed, castor seed, raw jute, groundnut seed and rape & mustard seed (1% each).  However, the price of raw silk (7%), mesta and hides (raw) (5% each), sunflower (4%), soyabean (3%), fodder (2%) and raw wool, coir fibre and raw rubber (1% each) moved up.

The index for ‘Minerals’ group declined by 2.0 percent to 119.7 (provisional) from 122.2 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of copper concentrate (14%) and phosphorite (1%).  However, the price of iron ore (15%), chromite (13%), manganese ore (6%), limestone (5%) and zinc concentrate and lead concentrate (1% each) moved up.

The index for ‘Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas’ group declined by 0.5 percent to 80.2 (provisional) from 80.6 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of crude petroleum (1%).

FUEL & POWER (Weight 13.15%)

The index for this major group declined by 0.1 percent to 98.0 (provisional) from 98.1 (provisional) for the previous month. The groups and items which showed variations during the month are as follows:-


The index for ‘Mineral Oils’ group declined by 1.4 percent to 88.5 (provisional) from 89.8 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of LPG (6%), naphtha (3%) and HSD, bitumen, petrol and furnace oil (1% each).  However, the price of petroleum coke (11%) and kerosene (2%) moved up.


The index for ‘Electricity’ group rose by 2.9 percent to 105.4 (provisional) from 102.4 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of electricity (3%).

MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS (Weight 64.23%)

The index for this major group rose by 0.4 percent to 115.7 (provisional) from 115.2 (provisional) for the previous month. The groups and items which showed variations during the month are as follows:-

The index for ‘Manufacture of Food Products’ group rose by 1.0 percent to 127.7 (provisional) from 126.4 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of processed tea (9%), vanaspati, palm oil, buffalo meat, fresh/frozen and rice bran oil (5% each), manufacture of macaroni, noodles, couscous & similar farinaceous products, honey and cotton seed oil (3% each), rice products (2%), manufacture of health supplements, spices (including mixed spices) and basmati rice (2% each) and coffee powder with chicory, soyabean oil, wheat bran, sunflower oil, ghee, manufacture of processed ready to eat food, manufacture of prepared animal feeds, ice cream and chicken/duck, dressed - fresh/frozen (1% each).  However, the price of molasses (16%), salt (4%), condensed milk and processing & preserving of fish, crustaceans & molluscs & products thereof (3% each), gram powder (besan) and other meats, preserved/processed (2% each) and groundnut oil, mustard oil, rice, non-basmati, rapeseed oil, powder milk, sooji (rawa), butter, sugar and copra oil (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Beverages’ group rose by 0.4 percent to 119.8 (provisional) from 119.3 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of beer (2%) and wine (1%).   However, the price of rectified spirit (2%) and country liquor (1%) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Tobacco Products’ group declined by 0.4 percent to 152.1 (provisional) from 152.7 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of cigarette (2%).  However, the price of biri (1%) moved up.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Textiles’ group rose by 0.4 percent to 114.1 (provisional) from 113.7 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of viscose yarn, manufacture of knitted & crocheted fabrics, synthetic yarn and  weaving & finishing of textiles (1% each).  However, the price of manufacture of cordage, rope, twine and netting and texturised and twisted yarn (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Wearing Apparel’ group declined by 0.9 percent to 137.8 (provisional) from 139.0 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of manufacture of wearing apparel (woven), except fur apparel and manufacture of knitted & crocheted apparel (1% each).

The index for ‘Manufacture of Leather and Related Products’ group declined by 0.9 percent to 120.5 (provisional) from 121.6 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of belt & other articles of leather (6%), gloves of leather (3%), athletic/sport shoes and canvas shoes (2% each) and harness, saddles & other related items, leather shoe, vegetable tanned leather and travel goods, handbags, office bags, etc. (1% each).

The index for ‘Manufacture of Wood and of Products of Wood and Cork ‘ group rose by 0.6 percent to 131.7 (provisional) from 130.9 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of lamination wooden sheets/veneer sheets (2%) and wooden splint and wooden panel (1% each).  However, the price of wooden box/crate (1%) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Paper and Paper Products’ group rose by 0.8 percent to 120.9 (provisional) from 120.0 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of paper bag including craft paper bag (17%), duplex paper (3%), newsprint and paper carton/box (2% each) and map litho paper and laminated plastic sheet (1% each).  However, the price of card board (6%), base paper (3%) and kraft paper and corrugated paper board (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Printing and Reproduction of Recorded Media ‘ group rose by 0.8 percent to 144.6 (provisional) from 143.5 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of hologram (3d) (3%) and journal/periodical and printed books (1% each).  However, the price of printed labels/posters/calendars (2%) and sticker plastic and printed form & schedule (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Chemicals and Chemical Products’ group rose by 0.2 percent to 115.2 (provisional) from 115.0 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of hydrogen peroxide (16%), aniline (including pna, ona, ocpna) (6%), gelatine and organic surface active agent (5% each), plasticizer, carbon black and sodium silicate (4% each), acetic acid and its derivatives, catalysts and tooth paste/tooth powder (3% each), nitric acid, hair oil/body oil, polyester chips or polyethylene terepthalate (pet) chips, insecticide and pesticide, di ammonium phosphate, polyester film(metalized), xlpe compound, acrylic fibre, polyester fibre fabric, varnish (all types) and poly vinyl chloride (pvc) (2% each) and nitrogenous fertilizer, others, alkyl benzene, other inorganic chemicals, liquid air & other gaseous products, mosquito coil, powder coating material, mixed fertilizer, ethylene oxide, other petrochemical intermediates and viscose staple fibre (1% each).  However, the price of sulphuric acid and creams & lotions for external application (4% each), caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) (3%), menthol, paint, aromatic chemicals, toilet soap, ammonium sulphate, agro chemical formulation, adhesive tape (non-medicinal), rubber chemicals and poly propylene (pp) (2% each) and polyethylene, fungicide, liquid, ethyl acetate, amine, phosphoric acid, fatty acid, detergent cake, washing soap cake/bar/powder, organic chemicals, alcohols, mono ethyl glycol, printing ink and polystyrene, expandable (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Pharmaceuticals, Medicinal Chemical and Botanical Products’ group rose by 0.2 percent to 121.0 (provisional) from 120.7 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of vaccine for hepatitis-B (8%), digestive enzymes and antacids (5%), anti cancer drugs (4%), antidiabetic drug excluding insulin (i.e. tolbutam) and  antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory formulations (2% each) and plastic capsules and anti-retroviral drugs for HIV treatment (1% each).  However, the price of vaccine for polio (3%) and sulpha drugs, antioxidants, simvastatin, vials/ampoule, glass, empty or filled and antiseptics and disinfectants (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Rubber and Plastics Products’ group rose by 0.5 percent to 107.8 (provisional) from 107.3 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of V belt (9%), rubber components & parts (6%), plastic box/container (3%), rubber moulded goods, plastic film, elastic webbing and condoms (2% each) and rubber crumb, plastic tape, plastic bag, plastic bottle, plastic button, acrylic/plastic sheet, tooth brush and thermocol (1% each).  However, the price of rubber tread (4%), rubber cloth/sheet, tractor tyre, medium & heavy commercial vehicle tyre and conveyer belt (fibre based) (2% each) and 2/3 wheeler tyre, polypropylene film, plastic components, plastic tank, plastic furniture, polythene film, processed rubber, rubberized dipped fabric and motor car tyre (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of other Non-Metallic Mineral Products’ group declined by 0.5 percent to 113.8 (provisional) from 114.4 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of toughened glass (4%), graphite rod (3%), clinker (3%), porcelain crockery (2%) and fibre glass incl. sheet, granite, ordinary portland cement, pozzolana cement, porcelain sanitary ware and lime and calcium carbonate (1% each).  However, the price of plain bricks, ordinary sheet glass, ceramic tiles (vitrified tiles) and cement superfine (3% each), non ceramic tiles and slag cement (2% each) and marble slab, railway sleeper, cement blocks (concrete), opthalmic lens and stone, chip (1% each) moved up.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Basic Metals’ group rose by 1.5 percent to 109.5 (provisional) from 107.9 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of stainless steel pencil ingots/billets/slabs (13%), gp/gc sheet and pig iron (4% each), other ferro alloys, ferrochrome, hot rolled (HR) coils & sheets, including narrow strip and alloy steel wire rods (3% each), angles, channels, sections, steel (coated/not), cold rolled (CR) coils & sheets, including narrow strip, silicomanganese, ms wire rods, stainless steel bars & rods, including flats, mild steel (MS) blooms and ferrosilicon (2% each) and ferromanganese, stainless steel coils, strips & sheets, galvanized iron pipes, stainless steel tubes, cast iron, castings, ms pencil ingots, aluminum foil, lead ingots, bars, blocks, plates and zinc metal/zinc blocks (1% each).  However, the price of aluminium disk and circles (4%), alloy steel castings and steel cables (3% each) and copper shapes - bars/rods/plates/strips, aluminium shapes-bars/rods/flats and aluminium ingot (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Fabricated Metal Products, Except Machinery and Equipment’ group rose by 0.4 percent to 112.2 (provisional) from 111.8 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of sanitary fittings of iron & steel (14%), hand tools (4%), steel drums & barrels (3%), steel container and steel pipes, tubes & poles (2% each) and jigs & fixture and bolts, screws, nuts & nails of iron & steel (1% each).  However, the price of forged steel rings, iron/steel cap and electrical stamping- laminated or otherwise (2% each) and copper bolts, screws, nuts, aluminium utensils, stainless steel utensils, metal cutting tools & accessories and pressure cooker (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Computer, Electronic and Optical Products’ group declined by 0.3 percent to 110.4 (provisional) from 110.7 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of x-ray equipment (4%) and colour tv, ups in solid state drives and capacitors (1% each).  However, the price of electronic printed circuit board (pcb)/micro circuit, meter (non-electrical) and microscope (1% each) moved up.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Electrical Equipment’ group rose by 0.1 percent to 109.5 (provisional) from 109.4 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of jelly filled cables (6%), light fitting accessories (5%), solenoid valve, electric switch gear control/starter and acsr conductors (2% each) and electric wires & cables, electric welding machine, rubber insulated cables, connector/plug/socket/holder-electric, fan, dry cells such as torch light batteries, copper wire, incandescent lamps, safety fuse, electrical relay/conductor and insulating & flexible wire (1% each).  However, the price of fibre optic cables and a c motor (3% each) and aluminium/alloy conductor, washing machines/laundry machines, electrical resistors (except heating resistors), electric filament type lamps and domestic gas stove (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Machinery and Equipment’ group rose by 0.3 percent to 110.0 (provisional) from 109.7 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of printing machinery (8%), water purifier and cranes (5% each), chemical equipment & system (4%), loader, filtration equipment, air gas compressor including compressor for refrigerator and packing machine (3% each), open end spinning machinery, conveyors - non-roller type, pressure vessel and tank for fermentation & other food processing and solar power system (solar panel & attachable equipment) (2% each) and  pharmaceutical machinery, moulding machine, mining, quarrying & metallurgical machinery/parts, deep freezers, clutches and shaft couplings, harvesters, material handling, lifting & hoisting equipment, air filters, mixing machine, machinery for plastic products-extruded, pneumatic tools and chillers (1% each).  However, the price of precision machinery equipment/form tools (7%), hydraulic pump (3%), gasket kit, roller mill (raymond), oil pump and agriculture implements (2% each) and roller & ball bearings, manufacture of bearings, gears, gearing & driving elements, injection pump and lathes (1% each) declined.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Motor Vehicles, Trailers and Semi-Trailers’ group declined by 0.1 percent to 111.0 (provisional) from 111.1 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of steering gear control system (3%), brake pad/brake liner/brake block/brake rubber, others and crankshaft (2% each) and minibus/bus (1%).   However, the price of chain (4%), shafts of all kinds and release valve (2% each) and silencer & damper, chassis of different vehicle types, gear box & parts, filter element, engine and shock absorbers (1% each) moved up.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Other Transport Equipment’ group declined by 1.3 percent to 110.6 (provisional) from 112.0 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of motor cycles (2%).   However, the price of bicycles of all types  and scooters (2% each) moved up.

The index for ‘Manufacture of Furniture’ group rose by 2.7 percent to 123.9 (provisional) from 120.7 (provisional) for the previous month due to higher price of foam and rubber mattress (10%), steel shutter gate (2%) and iron/steel furniture (2% each) and wooden furniture and plastic fixtures (1% each).  However, the price of hospital furniture (7%) declined.

The index for ‘Other Manufacturing’ group declined by 2.5 percent to 104.1 (provisional) from 106.8 (provisional) for the previous month due to lower price of gold & gold ornaments and playing cards (3% each) and cricket ball and stringed musical instruments (incl. santoor, guitars, etc.) (1% each).  However, the price of plastic moulded-others toys (1%) moved up.

WPI FOOD INDEX (Weight 24.38%)

The rate of inflation based on WPI Food Index consisting of ‘Food Articles’ from Primary Articles group and ‘Food Product’ from Manufactured Products group decreased from 0.07% in February, 2018 to (-) 0.07% in March, 2018.

FINAL INDEX FOR THE MONTH OF JANUARY, 2018 (BASE YEAR: 2011-12=100)

For the month of January, 2018, the final Wholesale Price Index for ‘All Commodities’ (Base: 2011-12=100) stood at 116.0 as compared to 115.8 (provisional) and annual rate of inflation based on final index stood at 3.02 percent as compared to 2.84 percent (provisional) respectively as reported on 14.02.2018.

 

Next date of press release: 14/05/2018 for the month of April, 2018

This press release is available at http://eaindustry.nic.in

 

Annexure-I

Wholesale Price Index and Rates of Inflation (Base Year: 2011-12=100)

Month of March, 2018

Commodities/Major Groups/Groups/Sub-Groups

Weight

WPI March- 2018

Latest month over month

Build up from March

Year on year

2016-17

2017-18

2016-17

2017-18

2016-17

2017-18

ALL COMMODITIES

100.00

116.0

0.18

0.17

5.11

2.47

5.11

2.47

PRIMARY ARTICLES

22.62

127.4

0.08

-0.47

3.33

0.24

3.33

0.24

Food Articles

15.26

137.2

0.73

-0.44

3.15

-0.29

3.15

-0.29

Cereals

2.82

144.4

-1.22

0.70

7.64

-0.55

7.64

-0.55

Paddy

1.43

152.2

0.89

0.66

9.25

3.05

9.25

3.05

Wheat

1.03

141.2

-4.29

0.86

6.56

-1.19

6.56

-1.19

Pulses

0.64

122.3

-6.33

-1.45

-7.78

-20.58

-7.78

-20.58

Vegetables

1.87

115.2

9.53

-7.54

-0.50

-2.70

-0.50

-2.70

Potato

0.28

130.5

-5.89

20.72

-31.61

43.25

-31.61

43.25

Onion

0.16

157.3

-3.41

-37.26

-16.97

42.22

-16.97

42.22

Fruits

1.60

152.2

2.96

5.99

6.01

9.26

6.01

9.26

Milk

4.44

140.7

0.81

0.07

3.64

3.08

3.64

3.08

Eggs, Meat & Fish

2.40

133.1

-0.59

-1.19

-0.67

-0.82

-0.67

-0.82

Non-Food Articles

4.12

120.2

-1.61

-0.33

3.83

-1.39

3.83

-1.39

Fibres

0.84

119.6

1.54

-1.08

24.16

-4.24

24.16

-4.24

Oil Seeds

1.12

138.7

-0.08

0.36

-1.91

7.77

-1.91

7.77

Minerals

0.83

119.7

1.86

-2.05

-0.69

4.27

-0.69

4.27

FUEL & POWER

13.15

98.0

-0.95

-0.10

22.35

4.70

22.35

4.70

LPG

0.64

85.1

12.10

-6.07

34.10

-9.08

34.10

-9.08

Petrol

1.60

84.4

-1.08

-1.06

43.38

2.55

43.38

2.55

HSD

3.10

90.1

-0.12

-1.31

54.64

6.12

54.64

6.12

MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS

64.23

115.7

0.45

0.43

3.22

3.03

3.22

3.03

Manufacture of Food Products

9.12

127.7

-0.55

1.03

8.71

0.31

8.71

0.31

Manufacture of Vegetable And Animal Oils and Fats

2.64

116.8

-1.45

3.45

8.62

7.75

8.62

7.75

Sugar

1.06

117.0

0.23

-0.59

21.81

-10.48

21.81

-10.48

Manufacture of Tobacco Products

0.51

152.1

0.78

-0.39

4.02

6.96

4.02

6.96

Manufacture of Textiles

4.88

114.1

0.80

0.35

3.86

1.06

3.86

1.06

Manufacture of Wearing Apparel

0.81

137.8

0.76

-0.86

4.97

3.53

4.97

3.53

Manufacture of Leather and Related Products

0.54

120.5

0.00

-0.90

-2.43

0.08

-2.43

0.08

Manufacture of Wood And of Products of Wood and Cork

0.77

131.7

-0.54

0.61

-0.15

1.31

-0.15

1.31

Manufacture of Paper and Paper Products

1.11

120.9

0.96

0.75

2.57

4.49

2.57

4.49

Manufacture of Chemicals and Chemical Products

6.47

115.2

0.36

0.17

0.72

3.13

0.72

3.13

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastics Products

2.30

107.8

0.00

0.47

2.64

-0.92

2.64

-0.92

Manufacture of other Non-Metallic Mineral Products

3.20

113.8

0.37

-0.52

-0.46

4.12

-0.46

4.12

Manufacture of Cement, Lime and Plaster

1.64

114.0

0.00

-0.96

0.46

4.30

0.46

4.30

Manufacture of Basic Metals

9.65

109.5

2.03

1.48

7.17

14.54

7.17

14.54

Mild Steel - Semi Finished Steel

1.27

98.1

1.23

0.72

-1.74

8.64

-1.74

8.64

Manufacture of Fabricated Metal Products, Except Machinery and Equipment

3.15

112.2

0.84

0.36

3.24

3.41

3.24

3.41

Manufacture of other Transport Equipment

1.65

110.6

0.18

-1.25

4.47

0.64

4.47

0.64

 

 

 

Annexure-II

 

Trend of Rate of Inflation for some important items during last six months

 

Commodities/Major Groups/Groups/Sub-Groups

Weight (%)

Rate of Inflation for the last six months

Mar-18

Feb-18

Jan-18

Dec-17

Nov-17

Oct-17

ALL COMMODITIES

100.00

2.47

2.48

3.02

3.58

4.02

3.68

PRIMARY ARTICLES

22.62

0.24

0.79

2.53

3.86

5.59

3.72

Food Articles

15.26

-0.29

0.88

3.15

4.72

6.41

4.30

Cereals

2.82

-0.55

-2.45

-1.98

-3.00

-2.13

-0.07

Paddy

1.43

3.05

3.28

4.59

3.19

2.90

3.10

Wheat

1.03

-1.19

-6.23

-6.94

-8.47

-5.75

-1.99

Pulses

0.64

-20.58

-24.51

-30.43

-35.19

-35.52

-31.10

Vegetables

1.87

-2.70

15.26

40.77

56.38

59.87

36.67

Potato

0.28

43.25

11.67

8.68

-8.40

-40.73

-44.29

Onion

0.16

42.22

118.95

193.89

197.05

178.19

127.80

Fruits

1.60

9.26

6.13

9.87

11.99

6.48

3.96

Milk

4.44

3.08

3.84

3.93

3.85

4.08

4.01

Eggs, Meat & Fish

2.40

-0.82

-0.22

0.37

1.67

4.73

5.76

Non-Food Articles

4.12

-1.39

-2.66

-1.31

-0.17

-0.51

-1.25

Fibres

0.84

-4.24

-1.71

1.57

5.29

1.25

-1.91

Oil Seeds

1.12

7.77

7.30

2.00

-0.54

-0.70

-2.59

Minerals

0.83

4.27

8.43

5.84

7.38

10.02

16.25

FUEL & POWER

13.15

4.70

3.81

4.73

8.03

8.36

10.87

LPG

0.64

-9.08

8.50

19.89

21.14

32.32

26.53

Petrol

1.60

2.55

2.52

1.33

8.94

11.25

12.73

HSD

3.10

6.12

7.41

7.31

12.68

12.16

16.39

MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS

64.23

3.03

3.04

2.96

2.79

2.70

2.62

Manufacture of Food Products

9.12

0.31

-1.25

-0.94

-0.23

0.63

1.18

Manufacture of Vegetable And Animal Oils and Fats

2.64

7.75

2.64

1.35

1.27

2.31

0.84

Sugar

1.06

-10.48

-9.74

-5.78

0.73

4.17

5.08

Manufacture of Tobacco Products

0.51

6.96

8.22

5.81

6.30

6.40

6.61

Manufacture of Textiles

4.88

1.06

1.52

1.71

2.07

1.90

1.71

Manufacture of Wearing Apparel

0.81

3.53

5.22

3.13

4.75

6.03

5.26

Manufacture of Leather and Related Products

0.54

0.08

1.00

-0.50

0.58

-2.21

-2.19

Manufacture of Wood And of Products of Wood and Cork

0.77

1.31

0.15

0.38

1.39

1.48

2.49

Manufacture of Paper and Paper Products

1.11

4.49

4.71

4.63

3.67

2.79

5.76

Manufacture of Chemicals and Chemical Products

6.47

3.13

3.32

3.07

2.72

1.72

1.45

Manufacture of Rubber and Plastics Products

2.30

-0.92

-1.38

-1.02

-0.93

-0.46

0.56

Manufacture of other Non-Metallic Mineral Products

3.20

4.12

5.05

4.96

4.04

2.82

1.27

Manufacture of Cement, Lime and Plaster

1.64

4.30

5.31

4.39

3.74

2.26

0.62

Manufacture of Basic Metals

9.65

14.54

15.15

13.45

11.00

10.23

10.66

Mild Steel - Semi Finished Steel

1.27

8.64

9.19

7.92

6.42

3.11

1.99

Manufacture of Fabricated Metal Products, Except Machinery and Equipment

3.15

3.41

3.90

4.31

5.02

7.23

4.28

Manufacture of other Transport Equipment

1.65

0.64

2.10

1.54

2.01

1.93

2.41

                                           

*****

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