Kroger Field, the home of the Kentucky football team has been awarded the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Silver certification for its high environmental performance and its sustainable and innovative design.

The LEED is a rating system developed by the U.S Green Building Council (USGBC) for buildings, homes and communities that are designed, constructed, maintained and operated for improved environmental and human health performance.

Kroger Field is the first LEED-certified competition venue in the Southeastern Conference in any sport.

Mitch Barnhart, Athletics Director said: “In both the design and construction process, we were committed to transforming the long-time home of Kentucky football in a way that would be sustainable for years to come”.

He added: “We are proud Kroger Field has joined exclusive company in becoming LEED-certified for exactly that reason and thankful for the work of our partners in the renovation”.

The renovation and expansion of the old Commonwealth Stadium was commissioned by the University of Kentucky in 2013, and was completed in 2015 after a $126 million renovation.

Responsible for its sustainability transformation were the RossTarrant Architects and associate architect HNTB.

Kevin Locke of RossTarrant Architects said: “We knew from the beginning that sustainability was critical to the success of this project”.

The stadium has implemented practical and measurable strategies and solutions aiming to achieve high performance in sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality.

67 percent of the old infrastructure was reused to minimise construction waste and the need to manufacture and transport new materials.

Low-flow water fixtures are saving approximately 204,000 gallons of water annually.

In addition, the stadium achieves more than 30 percent energy savings in comparison to a typical stadium.

All the sustainability features result in 694 metric tons less of greenhouse gasses every year—equivalent to the annual energy consumption of 75 homes.

Kevin Locke added: “Achieving LEED Silver is a real testament to the university’s commitment to the environment. Knowing how well this stadium performs makes the experience they have created for Wildcat fans even more special”.

Mahesh Ramanujam, President and CEO of USGBC said: “Kroger Field’s LEED Silver certification demonstrates tremendous green building leadership”.

“Kroger Field serves as a prime example of how the work of innovative building projects can use local solutions to make a global impact on the environment”. 

Read more: Kroger Field in Kentucky was rewarded for its...

Vattenfall, the Swedish power company that develops the 1.8GW giant offshore wind project announced the details of the progress being made in the mega-project, aimed to power more than 1.3 million UK households.

The Norfolk Vanguard Offshore Wind Farm was first announced in March 2016, when the company revealed its plans to develop two 1.8GW each offshore wind farms within the northern half of the East Anglia Offshore Wind Farm development zone; the Norfolk Vanguard and the Norfolk Boreas, located 47 kilometers off the Norfolk Coast.

Through a press release last week, the company announced that it launched its official autumn consultation on the anticipated environmental impact assessment and that it also initiated a consultation process with around 30,000 Norfolk households.

The statutory consultation will run from 7 November until 11 December 2017.

Vattenfall confirmed that no house will be affected from the 60-kilometre export cable, as it will not run under any of the existing houses.   

The Norfolk Vanguard alone is expected to generate electricity equivalent of the demand of 1.3 million UK households, 5 percent of total UK homes.

So far, Vattenfall predicts that the project will comprise between 90 and 257 wind turbines with a generation capacity between 7MW and 20MW each and up to 350 meters tall.

The project is expected to be developed in two sites, as showed in the map below. 

                                                                           Source Vattenfall

The electricity generated will be transferred to the national grid through the existing Necton 400kV, which will be extended to fit the project’s needs.

Ruari Lean, Vattenfall’s Norfolk Vanguard Project Manager said: “What we are setting out in detail in our statement of community consultation is our engagement plan to discuss and get feedback on what is called Preliminary Environmental Information (PEI)”.

“The PEI report sets out our latest layout of the offshore and onshore parts of the project, what we think will be the impacts and how we will go about minimising them”.

Mr. Lean invited everyone who is interested to share his thoughts on the configuration of the project.

“We have already received a high volume of detailed feedback on residents’ concerns but also how people think Norfolk can benefit from what will be a significant inward investment in the region”.

“The quality of feedback so far has been excellent and we thank those that have taken the time to engage in this process for nationally significant infrastructure projects”.

According to the company’s statement, Norfork Boreas is in an earlier phase of development, with its environmental impact assessment still ongoing.

Local residents and interested parties can get involved here

You can learn more about the Norfork Vanguard Offshore Wind Project here

Read more: Progress on the 1.8GW Norfolk Vanguard Offshore...

Norway is proposing a what-is-known as “Tesla tax”, that would remove the tax exemption from the heaviest electric cars weighing more than 2 tonnes, triggering intense political debate about the future of EVs in the country.

The conservative party is proposing a one-time registration fee for EVs that weight more than 2 tones under the justification that that heavy cars cause more wear and tear on the nation’s roads.

The fee is expected to add as much as $12,000 to the price of a Tesla Model X and about $5,000 to Tesla Model S.

Electric vehicles whose weight is close to the 2 tones threshold would be charged approximately $900.

The proposal, which is part of the 2018 budget proposal, has sparked various reactions from public bodies and industry players, with opponents labeling it “Tesla tax”.

Christina Bu, head of Norway’s Electric Vehicle Association had called the proposed fee a “tax bomb”, according to the Norwegian VG News.

“The government knows very well that many car manufacturers take this step to develop the electric cars with more space and increased range due largely to interest from customers in Norway”.

She added: “The new one-time fee will make it more difficult to get families to buy electric cars. And it will be more difficult to reach the goal of selling only zero-emissions cars by 2025”.

John Helmersen, Head of Operations for Jaguar in Norway said that more than 1,000 Norwegians have paid a $1,200 deposit to get the new Jaguar I-Pace electric SUV, and now they will have to pay an extra $3,500 than what they had planned.

Jørgen Næsje, State Secretary at the Ministry of Finance claimed that typical family cars will not be affected by the new fee, as both Opel Ampera and Tesla Model 3 will be exempted.

In addition, some think that this new tax for EVs still accounts for less than what owners of conventional fossil fuel car owners will pay, not incorporating though the environmental damages and costs of conventional cars.

Sales of electric and hybrid cars accounted for more than 60 percent of new vehicle sales during September.

Norway currently has the highest per capita share of electric cars in the world, since for every 10,000 inhabitants there are 215.6 electric cars.

According to data from the national statistics office, there are more than 13,000 registered Teslas in Norway, with total EVs and hybrid cars accounting for 28.8 percent of total cars in the country.

The success is heavily attributed to a generous set of subsidies, including no city tolls, free parking, free charging and permission to drive in bus lanes.

Some complain that EVs are contributing significantly to congestion, with bus lanes being clogged as EV users are allowed to use them.

Andreas Halse, Environmental Spokesman in Oslo for the opposition Labour party said: “It is not just about emissions; there are other considerations, too, such as the use of cars versus public transport”.

Christina Bu pointed out that despite the success of EVs in Norway, the market is still fragile using the example of Denmark, were when some tax advantages were withdrawn, a steep fall in EV sales occurred.

“It’s too early. Nobody is saying we are never going to tax electric vehicles. But the government had promised to keep the regime the same until 2020”. 

Read more: Norway triggers political debate over new EV tax

The UK Government released its climate action masterplan on how to decarbonise all sectors of the UK economy starting from 2020 and on how to reduce its carbon emissions by 57 percent by 2032.

The Clean Growth Strategy constitutes a requirement of the UK Government, under the Climate Change Act and includes measures to cut emissions from buildings, transport, electricity, and heating.

From 2015-2021 the UK Government will have allocated in total £2.5 billion of public finding in low carbon innovation.

The biggest share of the investment will be spent in transportation, followed by the power sector. 

                                     

                                                                  Source UK Government

Energy efficiency is at the core of the new masterplan; as many houses as possible will be brought up to the minimum of energy band C by 2035, and existing efficiency schemes to improve insulation will be extended until 2028.

£3.6 billion of mixed investment will be invested to upgrade and insulate around 1 million homes and by 2020 the Government will launch the gradual phasing out of high carbon heating installations in new and existing homes.

This move is anticipated to save UK families around £300 on energy bills every year.

Offshore wind will continue to be favored, as the Government guaranteed a further £550 in subsidies through Contract for Difference auctions for new projects throughout the 2020s.

Nuclear power also has a place in the plan; £460 million will be allocated to research for future nuclear fuels, new manufacturing techniques, recycling and reprocessing et al. 

New nuclear power stations will be encouraged, as long as they offer competitive energy prices.

£265 million will be invested in electricity storage and demand response technologies.

Prime Minister Theresa May said: "Clean growth is not an option, but a duty we owe to the next generation, and economic growth has to go hand-in-hand with greater protection for our forests and beaches, clean air and places of outstanding natural beauty”.

She added: "There is no conflict between this aspiration and our plan to create an economy that works for everyone”.

Greg Clark, Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy said: “This government has put clean growth at the heart of its industrial strategy to increase productivity, boost people’s earning power and ensure Britain continues to lead the world in efforts to tackle climate change”.

As reported by the Guardian, Robert Gross, Director of the Centre for Energy Policy and Technology at Imperial College London, noted that it is evident that the greener wings of the Conservative Party have won out, pointing out the importance of the politics behind the strategy.

He said: “In 2015 the government started hacking and slashing at all manner of green policies. This has stopped, and that’s very welcome”.

John Sauven, the Executive Director of Greenpeace UK commented: “The strategy is in on the right track but we need a more ambitious destination.”

Prof Sam Fankhauser, Director of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, expressed his concerns about the vagueness of the plan by saying: “There is much to praise in the Clean Growth Strategy but there are also many aspirations rather than tangible policy commitments”.

You can read the full Green Growth Strategy here

Read more: UK released its long-awaited Green Growth...

Navigant Research published its new report “Market Data: Energy Efficient Buildings – Europe”, where it analysed the markets for energy efficient building technologies in Western and Eastern Europe and it found that the market is expected to grow from $83.5 billion in 2017 to $111.9 billion in 2026.

The study focused on 7 product types, i.e. HVAC, lighting, building controls, water efficiency, water heating, building envelope, and other and 2 service types, i.e. commissioning and installation.

Tom Machinchick, Principal Research Analyst at Navigant Research commented: “Europe has been a global leader in sustainability legislation and initiatives, with commercial buildings playing an essential role in meeting ambitious targets set for 2020”.

He added: “Intelligent digital building technologies will be necessary for Europe to continue toward its long-term goals of significantly increasing efficiency while reducing overall carbon emissions”.

“A certain level of efficiency can be attained with relative ease, but as future efficiency targets get deeper, so must the building efficiency projects and the technologies that support those efforts”.

Europe is already considered a global leader in the field, with the European Union having exhibited its commitment through two key legislation tools to reduce emissions in the building sector, the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) and the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED).

However, energy efficiency priorities in Eastern Europe often lie in the more unreliable and inefficient energy infrastructure versus in buildings, but interest in developing more robust mechanisms to facilitate building efficiency in the region is already growing.

The largest share of revenue will continue to be through the building envelope, followed by installation, and HVAC. 

                                   

                                                                          Source Navigant

The success of EU to realise deeper building efficiency targets while retailing gains will rely upon the evolution of intelligent building technologies.

As the research noted, advancements in intelligent building technologies are now evolving toward an integrated ecosystem of components and sensors that work together as a platform for optimising facility operations.

Last month, the European Commission launched the pilot phase of ‘Level(s)’, a voluntary reporting framework using existing standards in order to assess the environmental performance in the built environment. 

You can access the Executive Summary of the “Market Data: Energy Efficient Buildings – Europe” report here

Read more: Europe will be spending $112 billion on energy...

This last week has seen three country announcements for major plans to phase out energy generation facilities fuelled by coal, with Netherlands announcing the decommissioning of all coal power plants by 2030 and UK and Canada announcing they will champion a global alliance on the transition from coal during the upcoming COP23.

On October 11, the Dutch Government introduced a legislation making it a legal obligation to shut down all coal-fired plants in the country by 2030.

The news will come as a surprise to Engie, RWE, and Uniper that commissioned three coal plants in the country in 2015.

Gerard Wynn, Analyst at the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) said: “The impairments reflect the impact of massive growth in renewable power in neighboring Germany, which has depressed wholesale power prices, and the utilities having failed to foresee flat or falling electricity demand”.

He also noted the associated risks in investing in new or existing coal-fired plants in Europe, with more and more countries getting away from coal.

He added: “This, combined with the rise of renewables and the impact on demand of improved efficiency, puts old electricity production models at risk”.

The same day, 11 October, following a meeting between Canada’s Minister of Environment and Climate Change Catherine McKenna, and the UK’s Minister of State for Climate Change and Industry Claire Perry, Canada and the UK announced that they would champion a global alliance on the transition from coal at next month’s UNFCCC 23rd Meeting of Parties in Bonn, Germany.

The joint statement said: “At COP23 in Bonn we openly invite others who share our ambition to join us”.

“Phasing unabated coal power out of the energy mix and replacing it with cleaner technologies will significantly reduce our greenhouse gas emissions, improve the health of our communities, and benefit generations to come”.

“We are doing our part, but we recognise the need to accelerate the international transition from burning coal to using cleaner power sources”.

“Today, we announce that Canada and the UK will champion a global alliance on the transition from unabated coal-fired electricity”.

However, the choice of the world ‘unabated’ means that the power plants which do use Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies may be excluded from the phase-out.

The initiative will officially launch during COP23, where more details are expected to be announced, along with state-members that are willing to join. 

Read more: Netherlands, Canada and the UK lead the...

Global energy giant General Electric is planning on opening a new research, design and development hub for renewable technology in Southampton.

The news was reported by Daily Echo, claiming that the endeavor would take place in former Vosper Thornycroft site in Woolston, which used to be a shipbuilding facility.

The facility will constitute a technology innovation hub, comprising research, testing, and development of onshore and offshore wind technologies, as well as hydropower.

The new renewable energy technology hub can create up to 250 new jobs, comprising 100 highly-skilled engineering and technician positions along with another 150 supply chain roles.

The initial plan of GE was to build a 24-hour wind turbine manufacturing plant on the same site, for which it got permission in April 2017.

Councillor Simon Letts, the leader of Southampton City Council, said about the new plans: “It’s fantastic news for the city”.

“It would bring high-end engineering jobs for the city to a site which was once the place where the Spitfire was built and has a strong link with shipbuilding”.

Councillor Warwick Payne, who represents Woolston on Southampton City Council, addressed the issue that was raised during the initial discussions for the 24-hour wind turbine plant, about the noise that would be generated by the factory.

He said: “Concerns were raised about noise and late-night disturbance when the original plan was discussed, and over the coming weeks I’ll be seeking feedback from residents in terms of whether a larger factory is acceptable or a deal-breaker”.

Reportedly, GE said: “When completed, the development will cement Southampton’s place as the centre of composite excellence and will be another important step in GE’s strategy of renewable energy investment in the UK”.

“This is the company’s preferred location among a number of international locations based on a number of key factors which include an excellent supply base, and an available pool of highly experienced staff at all levels with strong local academic institutions”.

Read more: General Electric to open renewable energy...

According to CDP, a global non-profit environmental disclosure platform, the number of companies that now factor an internal carbon price into their business plans has increased eight times since 2014 because they understand that carbon risk management is a business imperative.

Internal carbon pricing is the practice of companies applying a monetary value to their emissions, with prices allocated by companies ranging from less than $1 per tonne to over $800.

More than three quarters of the energy and utilities sectors’ market cap is currently pricing carbon internally, including industry giants like National Grid, EDF, Exelon Corporation, PG&E Corporation and E.ON SE.

Over half of the material and telecommunications sectors also intend to use an internal carbon price by 2019.

In China, the number of companies that internalise a carbon price doubled from 54 to 102 since 2015 and includes companies such as China Vanke, Shanghai Electric, and China Mobile.

In the US, despite current uncertainty regarding environmental regulation 96 companies are currently using an internal carbon price, up from 29 in 2014 and another 142 are planning to implement one by 2019.

Paul Simpson, CEO of CDP said: “Carbon pricing makes the invisible, visible. We’re seeing a significant rise over last year in the use of companies pricing their own carbon pollution in China, Mexico, Japan, Canada and the US”.

“Changing regulation is working on a global scale and in all regions, we are seeing many businesses fast-track the low carbon transition into their business plans”.

2017 saw over 40 national and 25 regional governments putting a price on carbon covering about 15 percent of global greenhouse emissions.

For example, since Canada introduced regional carbon pricing systems, Ontario will see $1.5 billion in clean investments.

According to CDP, 800 companies within these regions may be vulnerable to the effects of this regulation as the research finds that they have not complied with the trend.

Mark Lewis, Managing Director, Head of European Utilities Equity Research at Barclays and member of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosure commented: “The key question for investors should be: how can we know that companies are actually factoring environmental risk into their mainstream business strategies?”.

“Pricing carbon should play a vital role in helping companies do this – the price level, while important, is not the only key aspect. There needs to be more transparency as to how a company actually uses the price and whether it is seen as an important part of business decision-making and forecasting”.

However, only 15 percent of the companies that use an internal carbon price to stress test their investments and operations disclose assumptions that the price level will increase over time.

The rest 85 percent either predict a static price or do not disclose their practice.

You can read the full report “Putting a price on carbon: Integrating climate risk into business planning” here

Read more: About 1400 multinational companies now factor...

According to Reuters, the Paris City Hall announced on Thursday that it plans to introduce a petrol and diesel phase-out plan in Paris by 2030, as a way to tackle significantly high levels of air pollution.

Through the statement, Paris City Hall said that France has already set a target to ban the sale of new diesel cars by 2040, and this required phase-out plans in large cities.

Nicolas Hulot, Minister of Environment, had said: "This government goal affects the whole French territory, rural zones included”.

"If we want to achieve this, it implies that the end of diesel and gasoline should take place several years in advance in urban areas and particularly in big cities”.

As reported by Reuters, Christophe Najdovski, an official responsible for transport policy at the office of Mayor Anne Hidalgo, said: “This is about planning for the long term with a strategy that will reduce greenhouse gases”.

“Transport is one of the main greenhouse gas producers. So we are planning an exit from combustion engine vehicles, or fossil-energy vehicles, by 2030”.

The ban on petrol-fuelled vehicles marks the escalation of an increasingly radical anti-pollution policy.

Paris has already established no-car zones, car-free days, and fines and restrictions for drivers who enter the city centre with older than 20 years cars.

Paris has seen rising air pollution levels during the past years, with some pollution spikes being so intense that the City Hall was forced to restrict half of the capital’s cars and make public transportation free for several days.

The anti-pollution measures have received criticism from the public, so the Paris statement noted that officials from the city hall will keep discussing the issue with residents and car makers in the coming months. 

Read more: Paris plans to ban all petrol and diesel fuelled...

During the annual Textile Exchange Sustainability Conference, 23 of the world’s most renowned clothing and textile companies, including Burberry, Adidas, Timberland, ASOS and Levi’s pledged to use 100 percent sustainable cotton by 2025.

The pledge is called Sustainable Cotton Communiqué and was reported by CSR Wire.

 The announcement demonstrated that there is an increasing demand for more sustainable cotton, and it is envisaged to spark the deployment of sustainable practices across the whole textile sector.

“The industry is awakening to the necessity of sustainably grown cotton. It is great to see additional brands joining this initiative to accelerate the momentum of cotton production in a way that will positively impact smallholder farmers, water quality, and soil health”, La Rhea Pepper, Managing Director of Textile Exchange, a global non-profit  organisation working across sustainable textile supply chains, said.

The brands that have committed to the 100 percent  by 2025 pledge are: ASOS,  EILEEN FISHER, Greenfibres, H&M, IKEA, Kering, Levi's, Lindex, M&S, Nike, Sainsbury's, F&F at Tesco,  Woolworths, Adidas, A-Z, BikBOk, Burberry, Burton Snowboards, Carlings, Coyuchi, Cubus, Days like This, Dressmann, Hanky Panky, House of Fraser, Indigenous Designs, KappAhl, Kathmandu, Mantis World, MetaWear, Otto Group, prAna, SkunkFunk,  Timberland, Urban, Volt and Wow.

Some of the environmental and social costs that are often associated with cotton production are the over-use of pesticides and the depletion of local water sources.

It accounts for approximately 6 percent of global pesticide use, and conventional cotton is highly dependent on water, - around 2,720 liters of water are needed just to make one t-shirt.

The over-use of pesticides and petroleum-based fertilisers has negative impacts on farmers’ health, also provoking rising costs of production.

According to CSR Wire, cotton is the most abundantly produced natural fiber, and more than 350 million people are involved in its supply chain.

During the past years, sustainable cotton production has gained significant attention, with over 3 million tonnes produced in 2016 alone.

However, in order for sustainable cotton to become a standard business practice, the sustainable cotton production and uptake must scale-up significantly.

The pledge from 36 major brands that have entered the Sustainable Cotton Communiqué in total is sending the market signal that is needed making clear that real demand for sustainable cotton is growing.

Maria Hollins, Executive Director of Buying and Design, House of Fraser said: “House of Fraser supports the Sustainable Cotton Communiqué as part of our shift to sourcing sustainable cotton in our house branded fashion and homeware products”.

Zachary Angelini, Environmental Stewardship Manager of Timberland said: “Studies have shown the positive social benefits to farming communities as well as the potential for these practices to sequester carbon in the soil.”

“This is exciting work as we move beyond just minimising environmental impacts to strategically creating real environmental and social benefits within the supply chain.”

Read more: More than 23 major brands and retailers pledge...

Last Friday, Australian based Qantas Airways announced that its Los Angeles based aircraft will be powered by biofuel from 2020 onwards.

The announcement came in the wake of a commercial agreement with US-based bio-energy company SG Preston, which was called a “landmark” agreement.

Over the next decade, Qantas Airways will be purchasing eight million gallons, i.e. 30 million liters, of renewable jet fuel each year, which will consist of 50 percent out of non-food plant oils blended with 50 percent traditional jet fuel.

Compared to standard jet fuel, the biofuel emits half the amount of carbon emissions per gallon over its life cycle.

Gareth Evans, CEO of Qantas International and Freight stated that the commercial biofuel agreement is the first of its kind in the Australian aviation history.

He said: “The partnership with SG Preston is part of our commitment to lowering carbon emissions across our operations and sees us becoming the first Australian airline to use renewable jet fuel on an ongoing basis”.

He added: “Through our biofuel program we are also exploring renewable jet fuel opportunities in Australia and continue to work with suppliers to develop locally produced biofuels for aviation use”.

Randy Delbert LeTang, SG Preston’s CEO commented: “Qantas is showing great leadership in its commitment to biofuels”.

“We look forward to providing a high-performance renewable fuel for one of the most important routes on their international network”.

Michael Gill, Director of Environment for IATA applauded the new partnership, as he underlined that “deals such as these are critical to the development of an aviation biofuel sector globally and the achievement of the aviation industry’s climate goals”.

In 2012, Qantas and Jetstar operated Australia’s first commercial flight powered by sustainable aviation fuel as a trial flight.

The flight was Sydney-Adelaide return and was powered by biofuel derived from used cooking oil, split 50:50 with conventional jet fuel.

International Civil Aviation Organization reached a carbon-offset agreement in 2016 which called for a worldwide reduction in commercial aviation emissions to 50 percent of 2005 levels by 2050. 

Read more: Qantas Airways to operate biofuel flight from LA...

Oxford City Council and Oxfordshire County Council have jointly proposed the establishment of a Zero Emission Zone in Oxford City by banning petrol and diesel vehicles ban from parts of the city centre.

The proposed Zero Emissions Zone will be introduced in phases.

First, there will be a ban in non-zero emissions taxis, cars, light commercial vehicles, and buses, non-allowing them to use a small number of streets in 2020.

The zero-emission areas will start expanding over time, as low-carbon vehicle technology develops and the deployment of electric vehicles spreads.

The Oxford City Council aspires to ban all non-electric vehicles, including HGVs, in the whole city centre by 2035.

According to the council, the new zero-emissions zone has the potential to reduce levels of nitrogen dioxide, - much of which comes from traffic fumes especially from diesel engines,  by 74 percent by 2035.

John Tanner, Councillor of Oxford City Council said: “Toxic and illegal air pollution in the city centre is damaging the health of Oxford’s residents. A step change is urgently needed; the zero emissions zone is that step change”.

“All of us who drive or use petrol or diesel vehicles through Oxford are contributing to the city’s toxic air. Everyone needs to do their bit, from the national government and local authorities to businesses and residents, to end this public health emergency”.

Oxford has been classified as one of the eleven cities in the UK to have surpassed safe limits set for PM10s toxic particles, as well as limits set for PM2.5s.

The Oxford City Council has already won £500,000 of Government funding to install charging points for electric taxis and £800,000 to install 100 electric vehicle charging points for Oxford residents. 

The City Council is also considering setting up additional schemes to support the Zero Emission Zone, including offering reduced parking fees for electric vehicles, electric taxi-only ranks and electric delivery vehicle-only loading areas.

The plans will be put out for public consultation on Monday 16 October, a process that will last six weeks seeking views on the speed of the implementation, vehicles types and roads affected.

The final scheme will be published in 2018.

Meanwhile, Transport for London is planning to introduce the world’s first Ultra Low Emission Zone in September 2020.

You can read the complete Press Release with the list of all the roads that will be affected here, and the Zero Emissions Zone Feasibility Study here

Read more: Oxford to set up world’s first zero emissions zone

The International Monetary Fund released its latest World Economic Outlook report, where it dedicated one complete chapter making the case for the unequal consequences of climate change that low-income countries will have to bear, urging rich countries to contribute more toward both climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.

The latest World Economic Outlook (WEO) report has dedicated approximately one fifth of the report analysing the impacts that extreme weather effects and climate change will have on global economic activity.

The third chapter, out of five, is called “The Effects of Weather Shocks on Economic Activity: How Can Low-Income Countries Cope?” and it warns that climate change will be one of the fundamental challenges of the 21st century.

It urges the international community to significantly enhance mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions “before they create more irreversible damage and help poorer countries, which are not themselves substantial emitters, adapt to climate change”.  

It underlined that richer countries must help low-income economies to adapt to “rapidly increasing temperatures”, as countries who have benefitted from increased carbon emissions to grow, now have a moral responsibility to act.

It stresses that even though low-income countries have contributed very little to the enhanced greenhouse gas effect, they are the ones that will have to face the adverse consequences of rising temperatures, since they tend to be located in some of the hottest parts of the planet.

More specifically, after having analysed historical patterns across 180 countries over the past 65 years, it revealed a non-liner relationship between temperature and growth increase.

This relationship means that in countries with already high temperatures, such as most low-income countries, a rise in temperatures will decrease the per capita output long-term

For example, IMF’s estimates suggest that a 1°C increase in temperature in a country with an average annual temperature of 25°C, such as Bangladesh, Haiti, or Gabon, would reduce per capita output by up to 1.5 percent, a loss that persists for at least 7 years.

Without any mitigation efforts, the projected temperature increase can erase approximately one tenth of the per capita output of a median low-income country by 2100.

The report says: “Advanced and emerging market economies have contributed the lion’s share to actual and projected climate change”.

“Helping low-income developing countries cope with the consequences of climate change is both a humanitarian imperative and sound global economic policy that helps offset countries’ failure to fully internalise the costs of greenhouse gas emissions”.

Moreover, the report stresses that rising global temperatures could wreak havoc in parts of the world, especially in hotter climates where people would be too poor to migrate.

Rich countries should actively help low-income countries to develop resilience to temperature increases, like for instance the successful  Productive Safety Net Program in Ethiopia , which supports households with environmental and infrastructure projects and programs to diversify income sources.

You can access the full World Economic Outlook here

Ethiopia’s Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Gemedo Dalle, will be presenting the country’s best practice around climate change adaption during his engagement at the 8th Sustainable Innovation Forum, in partnership with the UN Environment, 13 – 14 November, Bonn, during COP23. The Minister will contribute to the panel discussion on Climate Smart Agriculture. Joining him at the panel are: Naoko Ishii, CEO of GEF and Andrew Steer, Executive Director of World Resources Institute. The Forum brings together 600+ carefully handpicked delegates, including : Ministers of Energy and Climate Change, Blue Chip CEOs, Mayors, Responsible Investors, Development Banks, Green Entrepreneurs and media. To find out more and register, click here

Read more: IMF report urges rich nations to help low-income...

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